10 lectures, Vienna, June 1-11, 1922 (CW 83) This challenging set of lectures attempts to lift the veil from modern social and spiritual problems as experienced in the contrasts between East and West. By ascribing to human thinking only a shadowy, subjective validity, modern science tries to invalidate the very faculty that gives us our human dignity. At the same time, however, this "unreality" of thought images makes possible an inner freedom that scientific doctrine tends to deny in principle. The need arises from these contradictions to extend the limits of ordinary scientific thinking to new investigative faculties. In part one, "Anthroposophy and the Sciences," Rudolf Steiner esplains that this can be achieved in a healthy way through two kinds of meditative excercises, very different in character from yoga and asceticism and other older paths to higher knowledge. These disciplines lead to the discovery of a paradoxical truth: "If you would know yourself, look into the world. If you would know the world, look into your self." The spiritual-scientific philosophy thus presented provides a framework within which the second half of the book ("Anthroposophy and Sociology") considers how a healthy social life can be understood and shaped. Today the old social instincts of humanity have grown uncertain, and the rational intellect is proving unsuited to comprehend and foster a humane social life. While admitting that we are only beginning to discover the right relationship between individual and community, Steiner describes how a conscious spiritual life is able to give the same social certainties as did the earlier "instictive" life. He then explains how we might find a way from our highly developed sense of personal self into the worldwide social organism. This volume is a translation of Westliche und östliche Weltgegensätzlichkeit - Wege zu ihre Verständigung durch Anthroposophie.
Release on 2020-01-02 | by Nathalie Harty,Andrew Wallace
Author: Nathalie Harty,Andrew Wallace
Pubpsher: GCSE Grades 9-1 History
No separate workbook required! Everything you need for success in this essential all-in-one revision and exam practiceseries covering the most popular GCSE 9-1 History studies. Each revision and practice guide is written by history experts and uses an active, stepped approach to revision to maximise learning. This guide offers clear and focused content coverage, key features such as timelines and structured exam practice and advice to help you achieve higher marks. With loads of exam-style practice questions (and answers) you can't go wrong! Books in this series cover the following: AQA Paper 1 Section A - Period Studies (Germany, 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship) AQA Paper 1 Section B - Wider world depth studies (Conflict and tension between East and West, 1945-1972) Edexcel Paper 2 - Period Studies (Superpower relations and the Cold War, 1941-91) Edexcel Paper 3 - Modern depth study (Weimar and Nazi Germany, 1918-39) The accompanying app uses cutting-edge technology to help you revise on-the-go to: Use the free, personalised digital revision planner and get stuck into the quick tests to check your understanding Download our free revision cards which you can save to your phone to help you revise on the go Implement 'active' revision techniques - giving you lots of tips and tricks to help the knowledge sink in Active revision is easy with the following features included throughout the study guides: Do it!Short activities to consolidate your knowledge and understanding of the text Check it!End of topic quick quizzes to check you've understood the topic Define it!Definitions of unfamiliar language in the text and important subject terminology Nail it!Authoritative essential tips and guidance to help you understand what's required in the AQA exam Snap it!Read it, snap it on your phone, revise it.helps you retain key facts Stretch it!Support for the really tough stuff that will get you higher grades Work it!Exam questions broken down into manageable steps
Release on 2015-01-28 | by Ms Anna Koppel,Professor Mohamed Mattar,Professor Vernon Palmer
Author: Ms Anna Koppel,Professor Mohamed Mattar,Professor Vernon Palmer
Pubpsher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
This book takes us far beyond the usual focus of comparative law with analysis of a broad range of jurisdictions, including mixtures of common and civil law, and also those mixing Islamic and/or traditional legal systems with those derived from common and/or civil law traditions. The discussion is situated within the broader context of the continuing tides of globalization, the emergence of Islamic governments in some parts of the Middle East, the calls for a legal status for Islamic law in some European countries, and the increasing focus on traditional and customary norms of governance in post-colonial contexts.
Major Developments in International Politics Since 1945
Author: Geir Lundestad
Category: Political Science
Fully revised and updated, the Fifth Edition of Geir Lundestad's successful textbook on the history of international politics since 1945 will serve as an ideal introduction for all students seeking an accessible guide to world events in the post-war era up to the present day. This new edition covers all the major international developments up to 2004, including a full assessment of 9/11, the 'war on terror' and the conflict in Iraq.
Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975) has had an enormous influence on literary studies and cultural theory. Bakhtin between East and West: Cross-Cultural Transmission looks beyond the concepts of carnival and dialogue and traces for the first time the transformation of the Bakhtin Circle's thought from its introduction to the West in Julia Kristeva's seminal late-1960s theory of intertextuality, through Tzvetan Todorov's landmark study and on to contemporary interpretations. The notion of sociality in all its problematic complexity provides the red thread guiding us through this historical and thematic examination of Western and Russian Bakhtin studies. As a critical evaluation of Bakhtin scholarship across various cultures and a celebration of the vigour of the Circle's legacy, this is an invaluable resource for scholars and students with an interest in Bakhtin and critical theory.
Release on 2008-07-31 | by Koen De Feyter,George Pavlakos
A Multidisciplinary Approach
Author: Koen De Feyter,George Pavlakos
Pubpsher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Political Science
The discussion of group rights, while always a part of the human rights discourse, has been gaining importance in the past decade. This discussion, which remains fundamental to a full realisation by the international community of its international human rights goals, requires careful analysis and empirical research. The present volume offers a great deal of material for both. It makes a strong case in favour of a multidisciplinary approach to human rights and explores the origins and social, anthropological and legal/political dimensions of human rights and internationally recognised group rights. It explores legal issues such as the reservations to international treaties and methodological questions, including the question of deliberative processes which allow seemingly absolute requirements of human rights to be reconciled with culturally sensitive norms prevailing within various groups. The discussion continues by looking at specific contexts, including the situations of women, school communities, ethnic and linguistic minorities, migrant communities and impoverished groups. The final part of the volume examines the 'state of play' of human rights and group rights in international law, in international relations and in the context of internationally sponsored development policies. Here the authors offer a meticulous and critical presentation of the legal regulation of human rights and group rights and point to numerous weaknesses which continue to exist and which call for additional work by legal thinkers and practitioners.
New editions of the bestselling Revise GCSE Study Guides with a fresh new look and updated content in line with curriculum changes. Revise GCSE contains everything students need to achieve the GCSE grade they want. Each title has been written by a GCSE examiner to help boost students' learning and focus their revision. Each title provides complete curriculum coverage with clearly marked exam board labels so students can easily adapt the content to fit the course they are studying. Revise GCSE is an ideal course companion throughout a student's GCSE study and acts as the ultimate Study Guide throughout their revision.
the German 'Miracle' explained by the Bonn Minister for Economics
Author: Ludwig Erhard
Category: Business & Economics
A great deal has been talked about the economic recovery of Western Germany since the Second World War. It is know htat this recovery was accompanied by the return of the Federal Republic to the markets of the world. Not so much is know abotu the details - about the work effected through the opitimism of the Minister for Economics, Professor Ludwig Erhard. In this book, the minister himself speaks. A detailed description is given of the stages by which first the Bizone, and then the Federal Republic, has effected the remarkable comeback which has created keen interest and concern. The book goes into the full detail which might be expected from on who is in charge of the entire machinery. The description of the way in which Government policy was employed to stimulate a free market economy is of great technical interest. Equally important is the detailed description of the way in which every nook and cranny is exploited to give the Federal Republic a foothold in foreign markets. No opportunity is neglected, from the fostering of the most ambitious long-term capital development schemes to the publication of day-to-day reports on trade openings. This book was first published in 1954.
Key History for GCSE offers a cost-effective approach to resourcing the new GCSE syllabuses as one core book covers all the Modern World syllabus requirements. The series is practical and flexible - the core book is supplemented by topic books providing resurces for Modern World and Schools History project Depth Studies. Teachers will enjoy a comprehensive support package. Each Pupils' Book is supported by a fully integrated Teacher's Resource Guide providing worksheets for mixed abilities, homework resources and guidelines on assessment. Suitable for all ability levels. Extra help is given for lower-ability pupils. The series makes an ideal core resource for GCSE suitable for use either as a stand-alone course or as a follow-on to Key History for Key Stage 3, providing progression in learning-style and presentation.