Release on 1999-03-11 | by Carolyn Marvin,Associate Professor of Communication Carolyn Marvin,David W. Ingle
Totem Rituals and the American Flag
Author: Carolyn Marvin,Associate Professor of Communication Carolyn Marvin,David W. Ingle
Pubpsher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
This compelling book argues that American patriotism is a civil religion of blood sacrifice, which periodically kills its children to keep the group together. The flag is the sacred object of this religion; its sacrificial imperative is a secret which the group keeps from itself to survive. Expanding Durkheim's theory of the totem taboo as the organizing principle of enduring groups, Carolyn Marvin uncovers the system of sacrifice and regeneration which constitutes American nationalism, shows why historical instances of these rituals succeed or fail in unifying the group, and explains how mass media are essential to the process. American culture is depicted as ritually structured by a fertile center and sacrificial borders of death. Violence plays a key part in its identity. In essence, nationalism is neither quaint historical residue nor atavistic extremism, but a living tradition which defines American life.
This introduction to the imaginative world of the Mexica (or Aztec) explores sacrifice in the richly textured life of 16th-century Mexico. Kay Almere Read describes a universe in which every object was timed by a given lifespan and in which sacrifice was the mechanism by which time functioned. This book makes a convincing case for what sacrifice meant religiously and for how it came to be that human sacrifice of staggering proportions could be accepted, matter-of-factly, by the Mexica people.
For most of its career philosophy of religion has been a controversial dis cipline: it has usually ended up becoming a substitute for what it set out to explain. Born out of the religious scepticism of the late seventeenth century it remained for many years what it was to Hume and Lessing: an instrument for criticizing rather than for interpreting faith. Gradually the hostility subsided, but not the tendency to reduce. Nearly each one of the great names in this area represents a theory that goes "beyond" faith. Phenomenology changed that situation. Conceived for accurate under standing of acts and meanings rather than for the building of vast synthe ses, its method was more apt to yield understanding than criticism. Moreover, by distinguishing the ideal meanings from the psychic realities of the act, it chased its followers from the quagmire of psychic genesis, causal justification and rational "proof" of the religious object, and forced them to concentrate on the intentional terminus of the experience.
This book explores the character of the Eucharist as communion inand through sacrifice. It will stimulate discussion because of itscontroversial critique of the dominant paradigm for Eucharistictheology, its reclamation of St Thomas Aquinas’s theology ofthe Eucharist, and its response to Pope John Paul II’sEcclesia de Eucharistia. Argues that the Eucharist cannot be separated from sacrifice,and rediscovers the biblical connections between sacrifice andcommunion. Timed to coincide with the Year of the Eucharist, proclaimed byPope John Paul II. Reclaims the riches of St Thomas Aquinas’s theology ofthe Eucharist, which had recently been reduced to a metaphysicaldefence of transubstantiation.
And on the Principal Arguments Advanced, and the Mode of Reasoning Employed, by the Opponents of Those Doctrines as Held by the Established Church: with an Appendix, Containing Some Strictures on Mr. Belsham's Account of the Unitarian Scheme, in His Review of Mr. Wilberforce's Treatise
Die soziale Funktion und Bedeutung des Opfers wird mittels anthropologischer Theorien und Feldstudien untersucht. Alle Rituale - einschließlich Opferhandlungen - kommunizieren gesellschaftliche Glaubenssätze und Moralvorstellungen, die nur durch eine Untersuchung des sozialen Kontexts bestimmt werden können. Anhand von vier biblischen Schriften - Priesterschrift, Deuteronomistisches Geschichtswerk, Esra-Nehemia und Chronikbücher - wird dargelegt, wie unterschiedliche soziale Ursachen zu unterschiedlichen sozialen Bedeutungen des Opfers führen.