This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance. It seeks to understand the interests of new players in Antarctic affairs such as China, India, Korea and Malaysia, and how other key players such as Russia and the USA or claimant states such as New Zealand or France are coping in the new global order. Antarctica is the world's fifth largest continent and its territories are claimed by seven different states. Since 1961 Antarctica has been managed under the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a regime which, according to its critics, by the terms of its membership effectively excludes most of the nations of the world. This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance, and is organized thematically into three sections: Part 1 considers the role of Antarctic politics in the current post-Cold War, post-colonial era and the impact this new political environment is having on the ATS. Part 2 looks at the competing foreign policy objectives of a representative range of countries with Antarctic activities. Part 3 examines issues that have the potential to destabilise the order of the Antarctic Treaty System, such as unrestricted tourism and new advances in science and technology. The Emerging Politics of Antarctica will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, polar studies and foreign policy studies.
Release on 2017-01-27 | by Klaus Dodds,Alan D. Hemmings,Peder Roberts
Author: Klaus Dodds,Alan D. Hemmings,Peder Roberts
Pubpsher: Edward Elgar Publishing
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean are hotspots for contemporary endeavours to oversee 'the last frontier' of the Earth. The Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica offers a wide-ranging and comprehensive overview of the governance, geopolitics, international law, cultural studies and history of the region. Four thematic sections take readers from the earliest human encounters to contemporary resource exploitation and climate change. Written by leading experts, the Handbook brings together the very best interdisciplinary social science and humanities scholarship on the Antarctic and Southern Ocean.
This book brings together thirteen selected papers presented in the Third International Seminar on Science and Geopolitics of Arctic-Antarctic-Himalaya, held in India in September 2015. The papers and have been grouped according to the Seminar’s three main themes: a) Geopolitics of the Polar Regions, b) Global Climate Change and Polar Regions, and c) Climate Change and Himalayan Region.
China has emerged as a member of the elite club of nations who are powerful at both global poles. Polar states are global giants, strong in military, scientific, and economic terms. The concept of a polar great power is relatively unknown in international relations studies; yet China, a rising power globally, is now widely using this term to categorize its aspirations and emphasize the significance of the polar regions to their national interests. China's focus on becoming a polar great power represents a fundamental re-orientation - a completely new way of imagining the world. China's push into these regions encompasses maritime and nuclear security, the frontlines of climate change research, and the possibility of a resources bonanza. As shown in this book, China's growing strength at the poles will be a game-changer for a number of strategic vulnerabilities that could shift the global balance of power in significant and unexpected ways.
The Emerging Politics of American Climate Change Policy
Author: Barry G. Rabe
Pubpsher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
No environmental issue triggers such feelings of hopelessness as global climate change. Many areas of the world, including regions of the United States, have experienced a wide range of unusually dramatic weather events recently. Much climate change analysis forecasts horrors of biblical proportions, such as massive floods, habitat loss, species loss, and epidemics related to warmer weather. Such accounts of impending disaster have helped trigger extreme reactions, wherein some observers simply dismiss global climate change as, at the very worst, a minor inconvenience requiring modest adaptation. It is perhaps no surprise, therefore, that an American federal government known for institutional gridlock has accomplished virtually nothing in this area in the last decade. Policy inertia is not the story of this book, however. Statehouse and Greenhouse examines the surprising evolution of state-level government policies on global climate change. Environmental policy analyst Barry Rabe details a diverse set of innovative cases, offering detailed analysis of state-level policies designed to combat global warming. The book explains why state innovation in global climate change has been relatively vigorous and why it has drawn so little attention thus far. Rabe draws larger potential lessons from this recent flurry of American experience. Statehouse and Greenhouse helps to move debate over global climate change from bombast to the realm of what is politically and technically feasible.
This invaluable, highly readable new text brings together vision and imaginative insight to the analysis of the evolution of inter-state politics to produce a clear, comprehensive and coherent sense of globalization and exactly what's at stake in the globalization debate.
The Gendered Politics of Scientific Exploration and Climate Change
Author: E. Glasberg
Category: Social Science
Arguing that Antarctica is the most mediated place on earth and thus an ideal location for testing the limits of bio-political management of population and place, this book remaps national and postcolonial methods and offers a new look on a 'forgotten' continent now the focus of ecological concern.
Release on 1988-07-28 | by Christopher Clayton Joyner,Sudhir K. Chopra
Author: Christopher Clayton Joyner,Sudhir K. Chopra
Pubpsher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
These three volumes contain a comprehensive & current documentation of sources of international environmental law (200 instruments) in a handy version. Several of these documents were never printed elsewhere. Volume 1 embodies the important declarations, resolutions or drafts of international organizations & bodies: 25 UNO/UNEP/FAO documents (including all UNEP-guidelines), 15 resolutions of the three recording bodies (International Law Association, Institut de Droit International & ILC), 14 ECE-Declarations/Recommendations, 32 OECD-Decisions/Recommendations, 10 Resolutions/Recommendations of the Council of Europe, 9 Declarations on Climate Change/Sustainable Development, 9 important Drafts (including the US-Restatement & the new ECE-Draft Convention on Transboundary Watercourses). Volumes 2 & 3 contain the bior multilateral agreements: 28 global or regional Agreements for the protection of seas (including the new Lisbon Convention & the Kingston Protocol), 17 Agreements of Regimes of European, American or African Rivers (including the Guidelines/Action Programmes for Lake Constance & Rhine, & the consolidated version of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement), 14 global & 9 regional Agreements for the protection of species & nature (including the new Protocol for the Antarctic), 2 Conventions for the protection of soils (control of wastes), 11 Agreements for the protection of air/atmosphere (including the new Geneva VOCs-Protocol) & documents for the Earth Summit (2 UN-Resolutions, Drafts of Earth Charter, Biodiversity & Climate Convention). Several documents are of 1991 (a few of December 1991). The volumes contain introductions to each part, references, basic data of the treaties, & three forewords ( G. Handl, H.D. Genscher & Prince Charles ).
Release on 2012-03-15 | by Catriona Elder,Keith Moore
Challenging Australian Identities and Legacies
Author: Catriona Elder,Keith Moore
Pubpsher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
New Voices, New Visions brings together a collection of papers that engage with the ideas of nation, identity and place. The title New Voices, New Visions harks back to earlier scholarship that endeavoured to explore these issues. It therefore makes links between old and new stories of Australian identity, tracing the continuities, shifts and changes in how Australia is imagined. The collection is deliberately interdisciplinary, gathering work by historians, literary and film scholars, communication and cultural theorists, political scientists and sociologists. This mixed perspectives enables the reader to trace ideas, concepts and theories across a range of disciplines and understand the distinctive ways in which different disciplines engage with ideas of nation, space and Australian identity. The book is written in an engaging and accessible manner, making it an excellent text for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of Australian Studies. It will be especially useful for the growing number of students living outside Australia who engage with Australian literature and culture. The book provides a range of topics that introduces students to key issues and concepts. It also situates these ideas in historical context. New Voices, New Visions engages with key contemporary issues in everyday Australian life: environment and climate change, immigration, consumerism, travel and cities. It explores these various topics by considering case studies, both contemporary and historical. For example the issue of attitudes to Asia are analysed through art; the topic of national symbols through the case of the crocodile; approaches to immigration via a popular reality television programme. The contributors to this book comprise some of the foremost Australian scholars as well as emerging scholars. This combination ensures a depth of knowledge but also a vibrancy. The editors are experienced scholars whose knowledge of the field is broad and they have brought a coherence to the material ensuring a strong narrative for the reader.
Chapters include an analysis of the feasibility with comparison to the arctic experience at the Black Angel, Polaris and Lupin mines; the strategic role of platinum as a rationale for platinum mining in Antarctica; the future of Antarctic mineral resources; establishing an Antarctic mineral resource inventory.