Priorities for Forestry and Agroforestry Policy Research

Report on an International Workshop

Priorities for Forestry and Agroforestry Policy Research

The focus of the workshop was on policy and economic issues associated with developing alternativas to slash-and-burn agriculture, since that form of land use is a major cause of tropical deforestation. Particular emphasis is given to the distribution and growth of populations in tropical forest areas, to the effects of shortnend fallow periods, and to opportunities for addressing policy research needs in these areas.

Myths of Mountains and Seas

Volume 7

Myths of Mountains and Seas

In the four seas and eight wastelands, the Mystic Maiden offered up the secret arts of the Mountain and Sea Realm, the Seven Domains of the Nine Prefectures, and the Nine Tripod Commerce. When this cauldron reached ten percent completion, the rain of blood would rain down upon the deities and devils. The River Diagram appeared, as did Luo Shu. The human world was in turmoil. It was rumored that these nine cauldrons were the ones that had gained the world. However, he did not know that the treasures of the nine cauldrons were all in the Mountain Sea Secret Art that was drawn on the cauldron. After that, the nine cauldrons sank into the Luo River, disappearing without a trace. The five paths of the world, the Wonder Gate, the Illusion Dao, the Mountain Sect, the Sea Sect, the Scripture Pavilion, and the five sects' heirs, each had their own secret treasures, all for the sake of obtaining the Mountain Sea secret arts within the nine cauldrons. This fight lasted for thousands of years ...

Slope-Channel Coupling as a Factor in the Evolution of Mountains

The Western Carpathians and Sudetes

Slope-Channel Coupling as a Factor in the Evolution of Mountains

In this thesis, coupling between the delivery of slope material into valley floors and river erosion is considered to be a factor in the evolution of mid-altitude, forested mountains. Analyses of slope-channel interactions were made in ten small catchments with particular emphasis on landsliding-erosion feedback. An original, new dendrogeomorphic approach was applied to determine the cyclic occurrence of landsliding and erosion during recent decades. The results of dendrochronological studies show that the processes studied are strongly interdependent. Fluvial erosion can trigger landsliding by undermining slope bases. Landsliding can intensify erosion by delivering slope material into valley floors. The results of dendrochronological studies have permitted a better understanding of the relief observed in areas where landslides and erosion are coupled. A scheme was established which describes the importance of coupling in the evolution of mid-mountain landscape.

Lectures on the Philosophy of World History

Lectures on the Philosophy of World History

An English translation of Hegel's introduction to his lectures on the philosophy of history, based directly on the standard German edition by Johannes Hoffmeister, first published in 1955. The previous English translation, by J. Sibree, first appeared in 1857 and was based on the defective German edition of Karl Hegel, to which Hoffmeister's edition added a large amount of new material previously unknown to English readers, derived from earlier editors. In the introduction to his lectures, Hegel lays down the principles and aims which underlie his philosophy of history, and provides an outline of the philosophy of history itself. The comprehensive and voluminous survey of world history which followed the introduction in the original lectures is of less interest to students of Hegel's thought than the introduction, and is therefore not included in this volume.

A History of Mountains

Geographical and Mineralogical

A History of Mountains


The Great West

Containing Narratives of the Most Important and Interesting Events in Western History -- Remarkable Individual Adventures --sketches of Frontier Life -- Descriptions of Natural Curiosities : to which is Appended Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Oregon, New Mexico, Texas, Minnesota, Utah, California, Washington, Nebraska, Etc, Etc,

The Great West