Release on 2013-04-17 | by José A. Rodriguez,Jonathan C. Hanson,Peter J. Chupas
Author: José A. Rodriguez,Jonathan C. Hanson,Peter J. Chupas
Pubpsher: John Wiley & Sons
Helps researchers develop new catalysts for sustainable fueland chemical production Reviewing the latest developments in the field, this bookexplores the in-situ characterization of heterogeneous catalysts,enabling readers to take full advantage of the sophisticatedtechniques used to study heterogeneous catalysts and reactionmechanisms. In using these techniques, readers can learn to improvethe selectivity and the performance of catalysts and how to preparecatalysts as efficiently as possible, with minimum waste. In-situ Characterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts featurescontributions from leading experts in the field of catalysis. Itbegins with an introduction to the fundamentals and thencovers: Characterization of electronic and structural properties ofcatalysts using X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy Techniques for structural characterization based on X-raydiffraction, neutron scattering, and pair distribution functionanalysis Microscopy and morphological studies Techniques for studying the interaction of adsorbates withcatalyst surfaces, including infrared spectroscopy, Ramanspectroscopy, EPR, and moderate pressure XPS Integration of techniques that provide information on thestructural properties of catalysts with techniques that facilitatethe study of surface reactions Throughout the book, detailed examples illustrate how techniquesfor studying catalysts and reaction mechanisms can be applied tosolve a broad range of problems in heterogeneous catalysis.Detailed figures help readers better understand how and why thetechniques discussed in the book work. At the end of each chapter,an extensive set of references leads to the primary literature inthe field. By explaining step by step modern techniques for the in-situcharacterization of heterogeneous catalysts, this book enableschemical scientists and engineers to better understand catalystbehavior and design new catalysts for green, sustainable fuel andchemical production.
Release on 2008 | by Kenneth D. M. Harris,Peter P. Edwards
A Book in Celebration of the Life and Work of Sir John Meurig Thomas
Author: Kenneth D. M. Harris,Peter P. Edwards
Pubpsher: Royal Society of Chemistry
The scientific exploration of solid materials represents one of the most important, fascinating and rewarding areas of scientific endeavour in the present day, not only from the viewpoint of advancing fundamental understanding but also from the industrial perspective, given the immense diversity of applications of solid materials across the full range of commercial sectors. Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science provides a state-of-the-art survey of some of the most important recent developments across the spectrum of solid-state, materials and surface sciences, while at the same time reflecting on key turning points in the evolution of this scientific discipline and projecting into the directions for future research progress. The book serves as a timely tribute to the life and work of Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS, who has made monumental contributions to this field of science throughout his distinguished 50-year career in research, during which he has initiated, developed and exploited many important branches of this field. Indeed, the depth and breadth of his contributions towards the evolution and advancement of this scientific discipline, and his critical role in elevating this field to the important position that it now occupies within modern science, are demonstrated recurrently throughout the chapters of this book. Individual chapters are contributed by internationally leading experts in their respective fields, and the topics covered include solid-state chemistry of inorganic and organic materials, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science and materials science, with one section of the book focusing on modern developments in electron microscopy and its contributions to chemistry and materials science. The book serves as a modern and up-to-date monograph in these fields, and provides a valuable resource to researchers in academia and industry who require a comprehensive source of information on this important and rapidly developing subject.
Fundamentals of Electrochemistry provides the basic outline of mosttopics of theoretical and applied electrochemistry for students notyet familiar with this field, as well as an outline of recent andadvanced developments in electrochemistry for people who arealready dealing with electrochemical problems. The content of this edition is arranged so that all basicinformation is contained in the first part of the book, which isnow rewritten and simplified in order to make it more accessibleand used as a textbook for undergraduate students. More advancedtopics, of interest for postgraduate levels, come in the subsequentparts. This updated second edition focuses on experimental techniques,including a comprehensive chapter on physical methods for theinvestigation of electrode surfaces. New chapters deal with recenttrends in electrochemistry, including nano- andmicro-electrochemistry, solid-state electrochemistry, andelectrocatalysis. In addition, the authors take into account theworldwide renewal of interest for the problem of fuel cells andinclude chapters on batteries, fuel cells, and double layercapacitors.
Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 1, Second Edition focuses on the methods and mechanisms involved in conducting experiments on inorganic chemistry. Composed of contributions of various authors, the first part of the handbook focuses on special methods and devices for inorganic preparations. The materials mentioned include metals, plastics, pure solvents, and mercury. The text also looks at the importance of temperature and electrical discharges at the laboratory. The second part focuses on elements and compounds, hydrogen peroxide, and fluorine. Schematic diagrams and numerical representations are presented. The chemical reactions of these compounds when exposed to different laboratory conditions are analyzed through numerical representations and schematic diagrams. The handbook also presents lengthy discussions on the properties, compositions, and chemical responses of elements, compound, alkali metals, and earth metals. The formulas, reactions, and methodologies used in the experiments are presented. Considering the value of experiments contained, this manual is a valuable reference for readers interested in studying inorganic chemistry.
Bioregionalism and Civil Society addresses the urgent need forsustainability in industrialized societies. It explores the bioregionalmovement in the US, Canada, and Mexico, examining its vision, values,strategies, and tools for building sustainablesocieties. Practically, Mike Carr argues for bioregionalism as aplace-specific, community movement that can stand in diverse oppositionto the homogenizing trends of corporate globalization. Theoretically,the author seeks lessons for civil society-based social theory andstrategy. Carr's argument that bioregional values andcommunity-building tools support a diverse, democratic, socially justcivil society that respects the natural world makes a significantcontribution to the fields of green political science, social changetheory, and environmental thought.
Much has been written about fundamental aspects of catalysis, yet despite their universal applications details concerning commercial catalysts and information about actual operating conditions are not readily available. This book provides up-to-date reviews and references to guide those working on industrial catalysts. It will be an invaluable guide for catalysis researchers in industry and academia, and for students.
Science is a vast subject and our understanding of the way the world works is growing all the time. No book could hope to include everythingt that science has discovered, but this book includes all of the essential facts about all the really key areas. Broken down into short, easy-to-digest sections it covers everything from evolution and cell biology to star formation and plate tectonics. Including sections on what technology may allow us to do in the future, and even looking at when science has gone bad, Understand Science will change the way you see the world around you.