Release on 2004 | by Reinier H. Kraakman,Paul Davies,Klaus J. Hopt
A Comparative and Functional Approach
Author: Reinier H. Kraakman,Paul Davies,Klaus J. Hopt
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press, USA
This overview starts from the premise that corporate law across jurisdictions addresses the same three basic agency problems - the opportunism of: managers vis-a-vis shareholders; controlling shareholders vis-a-vis minority shareholders; and shareholdersvis-a-vis other corporate constituencies.
Release on 2009-07-23 | by Reinier Kraakman,Paul Davies,John Armour,Henry B. Hansmann,Gérard Hertig,Luca Enriques,Klaus J. Hopt
Author: Reinier Kraakman,Paul Davies,John Armour,Henry B. Hansmann,Gérard Hertig,Luca Enriques,Klaus J. Hopt
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Business & Economics
This is the second edition of this highly regarded comparative overview of corporate law. It argues that the main function of corporate law is to address conflicts of interests and that, despite economic and social diversity, legal strategies employed across jurisdictions are surprisingly similar.
Release on 2017-01-26 | by Ezra Ripley Thayer Professor of Law Reinier Kraakman,Hogan Lovells Professor of Law and Finance John Armour,Henry Hansmann,Senior Research Fellow Paul Davies, (Ga,Allen & Overy Professor of Corporate Law Luca Enriques,Oscar M Ruebhausen Professor of Law Henry Hansmann,Gerard Hertig,Klaus Hopt,Hideki Kanda,Mariana Pargendler
A Comparative and Functional Approach
Author: Ezra Ripley Thayer Professor of Law Reinier Kraakman,Hogan Lovells Professor of Law and Finance John Armour,Henry Hansmann,Senior Research Fellow Paul Davies, (Ga,Allen & Overy Professor of Corporate Law Luca Enriques,Oscar M Ruebhausen Professor of Law Henry Hansmann,Gerard Hertig,Klaus Hopt,Hideki Kanda,Mariana Pargendler
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press
This is the long-awaited third edition of this highly regarded comparative overview of corporate law. This edition has been comprehensively revised and updated to reflect the profound changes in corporate law and governance practices that have taken place since the previous edition. These include numerous regulatory changes following the financial crisis of 2007-09 and the changing landscape of governance, especially in the US, with the ever more central role of institutional investors as (active) owners of corporations. The geographic scope of the coverage has been broadened to include an important emerging economy, Brazil. In addition, the book now incorporates analysis of the burgeoning use of corporate law to protect the interests of "external constituencies" without any contractual relationship to a company, in an attempt to tackle broader social and economic problems. The authors start from the premise that corporations (or companies) in all jurisdictions share the same key legal attributes: legal personality, limited liability, delegated management, transferable shares, and investor ownership. Businesses using the corporate form give rise to three basic types of agency problems: those between managers and shareholders as a class; controlling shareholders and minority shareholders; and shareholders as a class and other corporate constituencies, such as corporate creditors and employees. After identifying the common set of legal strategies used to address these agency problems and discussing their interaction with enforcement institutions, The Anatomy of Corporate Law illustrates how a number of core jurisdictions around the world deploy such strategies. In so doing, the book highlights the many commonalities across jurisdictions and reflects on the reasons why they may differ on specific issues. The analysis covers the basic governance structure of the corporation, including the powers of the board of directors and the shareholder meeting, both when management and when a dominant shareholder is in control. It then analyses the role of corporate law in shaping labor relationships, protection of external stakeholders, relationships with creditors, related-party transactions, fundamental corporate actions such as mergers and charter amendments, takeovers, and the regulation of capital markets. The Anatomy of Corporate Law has established itself as the leading book in the field of comparative corporate law. Across the world, students and scholars at various stages in their careers, from undergraduate law students to well-established authorities in the field, routinely consult this book as a starting point for their inquiries.
1. 1 Investments, Generic Contracts, Payments According to Volume I, contracts are one of the five generic legal tools used to manage cash flow, risk, agency relationships, and information. Many investments are therefore based on one or more contracts. Obviously, the firm should draft good contracts. Good drafting can ensure the same intended cash flow with reduced risk. Bad drafting can increase risk. This volume attempts to deconstruct contracts used by non-financial firms and analyse them from a cash flow, risk, agency, and information perspective. The starting point is a generic contract, i. e. a contract which does not belong to any particular contract type (Chapters 2–7). This volume will also focus on payment obligations. Payment obligations are characteristic of all financial instruments, and they can range from simple payment obligations in minor sales contracts and traditional lending contracts (Chapters 8– 11). 1. 2 Particular Contract Types A number of particular contract types have been discussed in the other volumes of this book. (1) A certain party’s investment contract can be another party’s fu- ing contract. Particular investment contracts will therefore be discussed in Volume III in the context of funding. (2) Many contracts are necessary in the context of business acquisitions discussed in Volume III. (3) Multi-party contracts are c- mon in corporate finance. The firm’s contracts with two or more parties range from syndicated loans to central counterparties’ contracts. Such contracts will be discussed both in Chapter 12 and Volume III.
Release on 2012-06-12 | by Abdul Rasheed,Toru Yoshikawa
Promise and Prospects
Author: Abdul Rasheed,Toru Yoshikawa
Category: Business & Economics
Takes readers through an in-depth examination of many leading industrialized nations and identifies both the drivers that propel corporations towards convergence and the major impediments that stand in the way of convergence. Also examines many mechanisms of convergence such as governance codes, MNCs, and IPOs.
This book presents a new comparative theory to explain the divergence between governance systems of Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States and explores the theory's ramifications for law and public policy. Bruner argues that regulatory structures affecting other stakeholders' interests - notably differing degrees of social welfare protection for employees - have decisively impacted the degree of political opposition to shareholder-centric policies across the common-law world.
Over recent decades corporate governance has developed an increasingly high profile in legal scholarship and practice, especially in the US and UK. But despite widespread interest, there remains considerable uncertainty about how exactly corporate governance should be defined and understood. In this important work, Marc Moore critically analyses the core dimensions of corporate governance law in these two countries, seeking to determine the fundamental nature of corporate governance as a subject of legal enquiry. In particular, Moore examines whether Anglo-American corporate governance is most appropriately understood as an aspect of 'private' (facilitative) law, or as a part of 'public' (regulatory) law. In contrast to the dominant contractarian understanding of the subject, which sees corporate governance as an institutional response to investors' market-driven private preferences, this book defines corporate governance as the manifestly public problem of securing the legitimacy – and, in turn, sustainability – of discretionary administrative power within large economic organisations. It emphasises the central importance of formal accountability norms in legitimating corporate managers' continuing possession and exercise of such power, and demonstrates the structural necessity of mandatory public regulation in this regard. In doing so it highlights the significant and conceptually irreducible role of the regulatory state in determining the key contours of the Anglo-American corporate governance framework. The normative effect is to extend the state's acceptable policy-making role in corporate governance, as an essential supplement to private ordering dynamics. Shortlisted for The Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship 2013.
Rising defaults in the financial market in 2007, the current widespread economic recession and debt crisis have added impetus to existing doubts about companies’ governance, and cast new light on future trends in shareholder-oriented corporate practice. Taking account of these developments in the field and realising the current need for changes in governance, this book offers a thorough exploration of the origins, recent changes and future development of the corporate objective—shareholder primacy. Legal and theoretical aspects are examined so as to provide a comprehensive and critical account of the practices reflecting shareholder primacy in the UK. In the wake of the financial crisis, this book investigates the direction of future policy, with particular attention to changes in governing rules and regulations and their implications for preserving the objective of shareholder primacy. It examines current UK and EU reform proposals calling for long-term and socially-responsible corporate performance, and the potential friction between proposed legal changes and commercial practices. This book will be useful to researchers and students of company law, and business and management studies.