Solid State Ionics for Batteries

Solid State Ionics for Batteries

In this book, recent progress in batteries is firstly reviewed by researchers in three leading Japanese battery companies, SONY, Matsushita and Sanyo, and then the future problems in battery development are stated. Then, recent development of solid state ionics for batteries, including lithium ion battery, metal-hydride battery, and fuel cells, are reviewed. A battery comprises essentially three components: positive electrode, negative electrode, and electrolyte. Each component is discussed for the construction of all-solid-state Batteries. Theoretical understanding of properties of battery materials by using molecular orbital calculations is also introduced.

Electrode Processes in Solid State Ionics

Theory and Application to Energy Conversion and Storage Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Ajaccio (Corsica), 28 August-9 September 1975

Electrode Processes in Solid State Ionics

The idea of an "Advanced Study Institute" on the theme of electrode reactions on solid electrolytes was put forward by Dr. J. Dupuy at the meeting of the International Society for Electrochemistry in Eindhoven in September 1973. Through Dr. Dupuy, the Solid State Physics Department of Lyons University offered the Institute possibilities of accommodation in Corsica that seemed particularly tempting. The subject matter appealed to a number of people for a variety of reasons. A great deal of development work on applications comes up against interface phenomena which appreciably reduce anticipated performances. Numerous potential applications of specific electrodes or gauges appear that would benefit from a more systematic approach. From a more fundamental viewpoint, interface phenomena on ionic crystals are the subject of indepen dent investigations in quite distinct research fields such as solid state physics and electrochemistry. The choice of an interpretation from among the different models available is very often not a straightforward matter, and an attempt to promote a synthesis by bringing together the proponents of the various "schools" could not fail to be rewarding.

Solid State Ionics

The Science and Technology of Ions in Motion

Solid State Ionics

Solid state ionics is concerned with the science and technology of ions in motion in the solid state. Ions in motion may also involve electrons, depending on the materials and surroundings. These days, solid state ionics is finding an increasing variety of applications. The knowledge of solid state ionics is also extensively mobilized to protect, predict or elongate the lifetime of structural materials in harsh service conditions and to improve the performance reliability of devices. Furthermore, solid state ionics is now being combined with the emerging nanotechnology to produce new knowledge and applications. This book covers the following topics: fuel cells and membranes; batteries; sensors and electrochromics; fundamentals of ionic transport and defect chemistry; cation/anion/mixed ionic electronic conductors. Contents: Fuel Cells and MembranesBatteriesSensors and ElectrochromicsDefect Solid StateIonic Conductors Readership: Physicists, chemists, materials scientists and engineers. Keywords:Solid State Ionics;Fuel Cells;Batteries;Sensors;Electrochromics

Introduction to Solid State Ionics

Phenomenology and Applications

Introduction to Solid State Ionics

Introduction to Solid State Ionics: Phenomenology and Applications presents a pedagogical, graduate-level treatment of the science and technology of superionic conductors, also known as fast ion conductors or solid electrolytes. Suitable for physics, materials science, and engineering researchers and students, the text emphasizes basic physics and chemistry as well as applications of electrochemical energy materials. The book focuses on fundamental phenomenological aspects, including crystal structure, phonon dispersion, electronic band structure, defects, disorder, nonstoichiometry, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, phase transitions, and statistical mechanics of iono-electron transport. It explains how the design, synthesis, and characterization of materials aid in optimizing diffusion coefficients and ionic conductivities. The author also describes important applications of solid state ionics, including solid state batteries, fuel cells, and electrochemical sensors.

Solid State Ionics IV:

Solid State Ionics IV:

The field of solid state ionics is enjoying significant activity due to several major breakthroughs in the materials aspects of rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, sensors, electrochromics, catalysis and ion exchange materials. Solid state chemistry and physics, materials science and electrochemistry are the main contributors to these efforts. Material designers, for example, have been able to synthesize materials with desired ionic/electronic properties, tailor surface areas and crystal structures, and design porosities through templating action. Atomic and molecular simulation of large systems are also becoming a reality. This fourth book in the series from MRS offers theoretical, experimental and applied perspectives on the realm of solid state ionics. Emphasis is on the new generation of rechargeable lithium batteries. Topics include: insertion compounds; sol-gel process; theory of ion conduction in solids; defect chemistry; solid electrolytes; polymer electrolytes and electrodes and ionic devices.

Handbook Of Solid State Batteries (Second Edition)

Handbook Of Solid State Batteries (Second Edition)

Solid-state batteries hold the promise of providing energy storage with high volumetric and gravimetric energy densities at high power densities, yet with far less safety issues relative to those associated with conventional liquid or gel-based lithium-ion batteries. Solid-state batteries are envisioned to be useful for a broad spectrum of energy storage applications, including powering automobiles and portable electronic devices, as well as stationary storage and load-leveling of renewably generated energy. This comprehensive handbook covers a wide range of topics related to solid-state batteries, including advanced enabling characterization techniques, fundamentals of solid-state systems, novel solid electrolyte systems, interfaces, cell-level studies, and three-dimensional architectures. It is directed at physicists, chemists, materials scientists, electrochemists, electrical engineers, battery technologists, and evaluators of present and future generations of power sources. This handbook serves as a reference text providing state-of-the-art reviews on solid-state battery technologies, as well as providing insights into likely future developments in the field. It is extensively annotated with comprehensive references useful to the student and practitioners in the field.

Solid State Ionics

Materials and Devices

Solid State Ionics

Solid state ionics, being a multidisciplinary area, is expected to grow at a faster rate in the new millennium, prompting the discovery of new materials and devices, as well as helping to optimize the known devices, especially the portable power sources and display systems. The Asian Society for Solid State Ionics (ASSSI) plays a significant role in bringing together researchers from the Asian countries, every two years, to exchange notes and ideas, to foster friendship and collaboration, and to discuss the prospects. The topics covered in this volume are: ion dynamics, theoretical modeling, ion-conducting polymers, gels and ceramics, glasses, crystalline materials including nano-phases, composites, electrode/electrolyte interfaces and novel experimental techniques. Papers on crystalline materials deal with ion conduction in Li, Na, Ag, Tl, F and O-containing compounds. Materials and device aspects have received wide coverage, especially the areas of lithium ion batteries (LIBs) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Rechargeable high energy density LIBs, especially those employing immobilized gel or polymer electrolyte, are the favorite portable power sources in the new millennium. As expected, a large number of papers on both cathodes and polymer electrolytes for LIBs were presented at the conference. The papers on fuel cells almost exclusively deal with SOFCs, indicating the great importance being given to this area in Japan and China. A breakthrough in materials and technology of SOFC is expected in the coming decade. This volume will be useful not only to the active researchers in the field but also to youngsters entering the exciting area of solid state ionics. Contents: Crystalline MaterialsGlassesLithium BatteriesFuel CellsSensors, Electrochromic Displays and Other Devices Readership: Solid state physicists, condensed matter physicists and materials scientists. Keywords:Solid State;Ionics;Lithium;Battery;Glass

Solid State Batteries: Materials Design and Optimization

Materials Design and Optimization

Solid State Batteries: Materials Design and Optimization

Solid State Batteries: Materials Design and Optimization treats the fundamental and experimental aspects of solid state batteries, including the basic requirements for optimum performance of electrodes and electrolytes. Coverage includes key issues in solid state batteries such as electrode/electrolyte interface problems, charge mechanism and mass transport in solid electrodes and electrolytes. The authors also discuss the physics and chemistry of insertion electrodes and glassy electrolytes and provide experimental approaches for determining the physical and chemical properties of battery materials. With an interdisciplinary approach to the solid state physics and chemistry, materials science and electrochemistry of battery materials, Solid State Batteries: Materials Design and Optimization is a valuable reference not only for specialists but also for chemists, physicists and materials scientists who wish to enter the field of battery technology.

Solid State Microbatteries

Solid State Microbatteries

This Advanced Study Institute on the topic of SOLID STATE MICROBATTERIES is the third and final institute on the general theme of a field of study now termed "SOLID STATE IONICS". The institute was held in Erice, Sicily, Italy, 3 - 15 July 1988. The objective was to assemble in one location individuals from industry and academia expert in the fields of microelectronics and solid state ionics to determine the feasibility of merging a solid state microbattery with microelectronic memory. Solid electrolytes are in principle amenable to vapor deposition, RF or DC sputtering, and other techniques used to fabricate microelectronic components. A solid state microbattery 1 1 mated on the same chip carrier as the chip can provide on board memory backup power. A solid state microbattery assembled from properly selected anode/solid electrolyte/cathode materials could have environmental endurance properties equal or superior to semiconductor memory chips. Lectures covering microelectronics, present state-of-art solid state batteries, new solid electrolyte cathode materials, theoretical and practical techniques for fabrication of new solid electrolytes, and analytical techniques for study of solid electrolytes were covered. Several areas where effort is required for further understanding of materials in pure form and their interactions with other materials at interfacial contact points were identified. Cathode materials for solid state batteries is one particular research area which requires attention. Another is a microscopic model of conduction in vitreous solid electrolytes to enhance the thermodynamic macroscopic Weak ~lectrolyte Iheory (WET).