In Their Own Hands

How Savings Groups Are Revolutionizing Development

In Their Own Hands

Two and a half billion people worldwide, most of them desperately poor villagers, need a better way to save and to borrow. Even the most innovative banking institutions can’t reach them; savings groups can. In savings groups, members save what they can in a communal pot and loan their growing fund to each other for their short-term needs. Jeffrey Ashe and Kyla Neilan illustrate how these savings groups form and function and how little “outside” support is actually required for their success. Drawing on decades of Ashe’s personal experience, this book describes how he developed Saving for Change, which leveraged the wisdom and strength of group members to train and establish new groups. This model has impacted the lives of 680,000 people across five countries. Savings groups are a “catalytic innovation” that bypasses subsidies, dependency, and high costs while effectively reducing chronic hunger, building assets, and empowering the community. Today, saving groups have 9 million members around the globe—with minimal support, membership could grow to ten times this number.

Revolutionizing Product Development

Quantum Leaps in Speed, Efficiency, and Quality

Revolutionizing Product Development

Today, a company's capability to conceive and design quality prototypes and bring a variety of superior products to market quicker than its competitors is increasingly the focal point of competition, contend leading product development experts Steven Wheelwright and Kim Clark. Drawing on six years of in-depth, systematic, worldwide research, they present proven principles for developing the critical capabilities for speed, efficiency, and quality that have worked again and again in scores of successful Japanese, American, and European fast-cycle firms. The authors argue that to survive, let alone succeed, today's companies must construct a new "platform" -- with new methodologies -- on which they can compete. Using their model for development strategies, Wheelwright and Clark show that firms can create a solid architecture for the integration of marketing, manufacturing, and design functions for problem solving and fast action -- particularly during the critical design-build-test cycles of prototype creation. They demonstrate further how successful firms such as Honda in automobiles, Compaq in personal computers, Applied Materials in semi-conductors, Sony in audio equipment, The Limited in apparel, and Hill-Rom in hospital beds have employed recent methodologies to bring new products to market at break-neck speed. Such innovations include design for manufacturability, quality function deployment, computer-aided design, and computer-aided engineering. Finally, Wheelwright and Clark emphasize the importance of learning in the organization. Companies that consistently "design it right the first time" and follow a path of continuous improvement in product and process development have a formidable edge in the crucial race to market.

Revolutionizing the Development of Library and Information Professionals: Planning for the Future

Planning for the Future

Revolutionizing the Development of Library and Information Professionals: Planning for the Future

As more associations struggle with limited professional development funding, the opportunities for library and information experts to advance their skills are being examined in a more effective and cost-efficient manner. Revolutionizing the Development of Library and Information Professionals: Planning for the Future examines the future of library professional development by investigating the aspects that make these development events worthwhile. This book is essential for library association personnel, educational institutions, and management personnel in large library systems to aid in determining future trends in professional development opportunities for their staff.

The Participant

A Century of Participation in Four Stories

The Participant

Participation is everywhere today. It has been formalized, measured, standardized, scaled up, network-enabled, and sent around the world. Platforms, algorithms, and software offer to make participation easier, but new technologies have had the opposite effect. We find ourselves suspicious of how participation extracts our data or monetizes our emotions, and the more procedural participation becomes, the more it seems to recede from our grasp. In this book, Christopher M. Kelty traces four stories of participation across the twentieth century, showing how they are part of a much longer-term problem in relation to the individual and collective experience of representative democracy. Kelty argues that in the last century or so, the power of participation has dwindled; over time, it has been formatted in ways that cramp and dwarf it, even as the drive to participate has spread to nearly every kind of human endeavor, all around the world. The Participant is a historical ethnography of the concept of participation, investigating how the concept has evolved into the form it takes today. It is a book that asks, "Why do we participate?" And sometimes, "Why do we refuse?"

Inside the Mind of Toyota

Management Principles for Enduring Growth

Inside the Mind of Toyota

Winner of a Shingo Research and Professional Publication Award Toyota's sustained growth attracts the attention of economists and industrialists around the world eager to learn the secrets of Toyota's lasting success. In Inside the Mind of Toyota: Management Principles for Enduring Growth, Satoshi Hino examines the source of Toyota's strength: the fundamental thinking and management structures that lie beneath the creation of its famed Toyota Production System. From the perspective of a professional with 30 years experience in the auto industry, Hino presents a fresh and detailed analysis of Toyota's essential management system, from its very beginnings into the 21st century. The ultimate goal is not simply to mimic Toyota's formula, but to learn from it and, in doing so, surpass it. From the Translator's Foreword: Unlike most Toyota watchers, Hino urges us to set our sights not on replicating Toyota's success, but on surpassing it. This point is crucial, because it moves our attention away from slavish imitation of what is visible on the surface and challenges us to tap into deeper and more powerful mechanisms of excellence. This is not a cookbook and it is not 'Toyota Lite.' It deserves serious study, application and experimentation. Learn how Toyota thinks, Hino is telling us. Learn Toyota's strengths, make them your own and then exceed them. —Andrew Dillon,September

International Development

Ideas, Experience, and Prospects

International Development

Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. Each chapterwill be an analytical survey of thinking about development, highlighting debates and taking into account critical perspectives. The volume is intended as a key reference on the range of concepts used to think about development -their origins, evolution and trajectories- and act as a resource for anaudience of scholars, graduate students and practitioners.

Leading Product Development

The Senior Manager's Guide to Creating and Shaping the Enterprise

Leading Product Development

Covers pre-project planning, choosing projects that match the strategic objectives of the company, and determining project sequence, measurement, and incentives.

Inter-african Development and Development Fund (Iadf)

With Alternative Strategies Towards Sustainable Economic Development for Africa

Inter-african Development and Development Fund (Iadf)

SYNOPSIS FOR INTER-AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT VOL 1Inter-African development is possible through an array of alternative strategies.CHAPTER 1 Addresses land use and management in AfricaIn Africa, land use has become one of the most seriously contested problems ever to bereckoned in the history of Africa. Land is both security and economic confidence for themany landless or marginalized persons in the world. African governments' concernsshould be obligatory in finding lasting solutions to resolve issues of land degradationresulting from human activities and land management. How then do we frame landissues? The issues that can be addressed are such as ecological foot prints and tragedy ofthe commons. Therefore, African countries need to harness reforestation programs inorder to subdue the ever-increasing risks posed by global warming and desertencroachment.CHAPTER 2 addresses the history of grabbing fertile lands. The history of land extortiondates back to Europe and continued in Africa through colonial era. Land grabbing has itseconomic implications: Access to land and violent conflicts in Africa have economic aswell as political implications. Thus, because of the economic and political implications,Land represents security and economic confidence. Therefore, reforms in land ownershipmust be implemented so that the landless may also have a share in land tenureship.CHAPTER 3 addresses democracy and economic development issues towardssustainability as well as identifying culprits of development retardation.CHAPTER 4 addresses IADF strategies for regional economic developmentCHAPTER 5 addresses development modalities. Modalities that need to be adopted byAfrican governments are such as: import substitution model strategies, export leadgrowth industrialization, emulation of Chile's example, Mexico's example, the adoptionof India's software industry style, Japan's Export Growth Model, importance of anIndustry's location, and other infrastructural development modalities.CHAPTER 6 addresses issues arising from economies that are driven without democracyand security.CHAPTER 7 addresses the importance of approaching sustainable development withsingle currencyCHAPTER 8 addresses the benefits of single currencyCHAPTER 9 addresses the importance of printing single currency within Africa.CHAPTER 10 lays emphasis upon how assets for banking system through IADF shouldbe implemented.CHAPTER 11 addresses how establishing free trade can impact economic growth inneighbouring countries. One of the modalities of approaching such trading policies is theHarmonization of consumer price indices.CHAPTER 12 addresses harmonization of continental trade indices with emphasis onTerms of trade, which is an index of the price of a country's exports in terms of itsimports. "The terms of trade are said to improve if that index rises"CHAPTER 13 addresses modalities for harmonizing trade indices. Trade harmonizationis an equal treatment among trading partners.CHAPTER 14 addresses how world trade affects poor nations' economy and how toavert from goods dumping.CHAPTER 15 addresses how trade imbalances defined by unfair trade.CHAPTER 16 addresses issues pertaining to trade-related intellectual property rights(TRIPS)CHAPTER 17 addresses Political issues with emphasis on Governance issues andGuidance.CHAPTER 18 addresses theories behind the Inter-African development fund (IADF)CHAPTER 19 addresses issues as to whether an all-African senate political system willhelp solve Africa's political instabilities?CHAPTER 20 lays emphasis on infrastructure development and how this will impacteconomic development.CHAPTER 21 addresses as to whether governments are part of the problems andsolutions?CHAPTER 22 addresses how disparate and desperate are African nations? How disparitycan be narrowed between the rich and the poor or whether other alternatives can beapplied?CHAPTER 23 makes analysis on how adopting Ricardo's comparative advantage mayimpact manufacturing and then how it may lead to sustainable economic development ofthe regions.CHAPTER 24 addresses post colonial issues and Africa in post - colonial eraCHAPTER 25 addresses natural resources, as conflicting resourcesCHAPTER 26 addresses what are the factors and ambivalence to African problems?CHAPTER 27 lays emphasis on health crisis in Africa with the advent of HIV/AIDSCHAPTER 28 encourages new ideas and discoveries in health sciences in which claimsfor cure of HIV/AIDS have been pronounced, which is something Africa could take pridein.The major challenges are the issues of globalization and the internal self-inflictedoppressive forces of bad politics. Also, whether or not blocs of nations can envisionsolidarity economics; implement political union and economic independence througheconomic democratization, as there are some economic blocs that already exist.

Agile Game Development with Scrum (Adobe Reader)

Agile Game Development with Scrum (Adobe Reader)

Deliver Better Games Faster, On Budget—And Make Game Development Fun Again! Game development is in crisis—facing bloated budgets, impossible schedules, unmanageable complexity, and death march overtime. It’s no wonder so many development studios are struggling to survive. Fortunately, there is a solution. Scrum and Agile methods are already revolutionizing development outside the game industry. Now, long-time game developer Clinton Keith shows exactly how to successfully apply these methods to the unique challenges of game development. Keith has spent more than fifteen years developing games, seven of them with Scrum and agile methods. Drawing on this unparalleled expertise, he shows how teams can use Scrum to deliver games more efficiently, rapidly, and cost-effectively; craft games that offer more entertainment value; and make life more fulfilling for development teams at the same time. You’ll learn to form successful agile teams that incorporate programmers, producers, artists, testers, and designers—and promote effective collaboration within and beyond those teams, throughout the entire process. From long-range planning to progress tracking and continuous integration, Keith offers dozens of tips, tricks, and solutions—all based firmly in reality and hard-won experience. Coverage includes Understanding Scrum’s goals, roles, and practices in the context of game development Communicating and planning your game’s vision, features, and progress Using iterative techniques to put your game into a playable state every two to four weeks— even daily Helping all team participants succeed in their roles Restoring stability and predictability to the development process Managing ambiguous requirements in a fluid marketplace Scaling Scrum to large, geographically distributed development teams Getting started: overcoming inertia and integrating Scrum into your studio’s current processes Increasingly, game developers and managers are recognizing that things can’t go on the way they have in the past. Game development organizations need a far better way to work. Agile Game Development with Scrum gives them that—and brings the profitability, creativity, and fun back to game development.