Reasoning About Knowledge

Reasoning About Knowledge

Provides a general discussion of approaches to reasoning about knowledge and its applications to distributed systems, artificial intelligence, and game theory.

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge

Proceedings of the 1986 Conference

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge: Proceedings of the 1986 Conference focuses on the principles, methodologies, approaches, and concepts involved in reasoning about knowledge. The selection first provides an overview of reasoning about knowledge, varieties of self-reference, and pegs and alecs. Topics covered include data semantics, partial objects and identity, circumstance, self, and causal connection, structure of circumstance, varieties and limits of self-reference, problem of logical omniscience, and knowledge, communication, and action. The book then explores reasoning about knowledge in artificial intelligence; synthesis of digital machines with provable epistemic properties; and a first order theory of planning, knowledge, and action. The publication ponders on the consistency of syntactical treatments of knowledge, foundations of knowledge for distributed systems, knowledge and implicit knowledge in a distributed environment, and the logic of distributed protocols. Topics include formal syntax and semantics, structure of models, message-based knowledge worlds, changing the class of messages, implicit knowledge in message-based knowledge worlds, conservation and implicit knowledge, and distributed protocols. The selection is a dependable source of data for researchers interested in the theoretical aspects of reasoning about knowledge.

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge

Proceedings of the Fifth Conference (TARK 1994)

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge contains the proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge (TARK 1994) held in Pacific Grove, California, on March 13-16, 1994. The conference provided a forum for discussing the theoretical aspects of reasoning about knowledge and tackled topics ranging from the logic of iterated belief revision and backwards forward induction to information acquisition from multi-agent resources, infinitely epistemic logic, and coherent belief revision in games. Comprised of 23 chapters, this book begins with a review of situation calculus and a solution to the frame problem, along with the use of a regression method for reasoning about the effect of actions. A novel programming language for high-level robotic control is described, along with a knowledge-based framework for belief change. Subsequent chapters deal with consistent belief reasoning in the presence of inconsistency; an epistemic logic of situations; an axiomatic approach to the logical omniscience problem; and an epistemic proof system for parallel processes. Inductive learning, knowledge asymmetries, and convention are also examined. This monograph will be of interest to both students and practitioners in the fields of artificial intelligence and computer science.

Fuzzy Sets, Logics and Reasoning about Knowledge

Fuzzy Sets, Logics and Reasoning about Knowledge

Fuzzy Sets, Logics and Reasoning about Knowledge reports recent results concerning the genuinely logical aspects of fuzzy sets in relation to algebraic considerations, knowledge representation and commonsense reasoning. It takes a state-of-the-art look at multiple-valued and fuzzy set-based logics, in an artificial intelligence perspective. The papers, all of which are written by leading contributors in their respective fields, are grouped into four sections. The first section presents a panorama of many-valued logics in connection with fuzzy sets. The second explores algebraic foundations, with an emphasis on MV algebras. The third is devoted to approximate reasoning methods and similarity-based reasoning. The fourth explores connections between fuzzy knowledge representation, especially possibilistic logic and prioritized knowledge bases. Readership: Scholars and graduate students in logic, algebra, knowledge representation, and formal aspects of artificial intelligence.

Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods

International Conference, TABLEAUX 2002. Copenhagen, Denmark, July 30 - August 1, 2002. Proceedings

Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods, TABLEAUX 2002, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in July/August 2002.The 20 revised full papers and two system descriptions presented together with two invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. All current issues surrounding the mechanization of logical reasoning with tableaux and similar methods are addressed. Among the logic calculi investigated are linear logic, temporal logic, modal logics, hybrid logic, multi-modal logics, fuzzy logics, Goedel logic, Lukasiewicz logic, intermediate logics, quantified boolean logic, and, of course, classical first-order logic.

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty

6th European Conference, ECSQARU 2001, Toulouse, France, September 19-21, 2001. Proceedings

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2001, held in Toulouse, France in September 2001. The 68 revised full papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over a hundred submissions. The book offers topical sections on decision theory, partially observable Markov decision processes, decision-making, coherent probabilities, Bayesian networks, learning causal networks, graphical representation of uncertainty, imprecise probabilities, belief functions, fuzzy sets and rough sets, possibility theory, merging, belief revision and preferences, inconsistency handling, default logic, logic programming, etc.

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge

Proceedings of the Third Conference (TARK 1990), March 4-7, 1990, Pacific Grove, California

Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge

Selected papers presented to the 3rd conference (TARK 1990) Pacific Grove, Calif., March 1990. The 19 papers represent current research from computer science, artificial intelligence, economics, linguistics and philosophy. Four tutorials and an invited talk provide background and points of connectio

Automated Reasoning

First International Joint Conference, IJCAR 2001 Siena, Italy, June 18-23, 2001 Proceedings

Automated Reasoning

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning, IJCAR 2001, held in Siena, Italy, in June 2001. The 37 research papers and 19 system descriptions presented together with three invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 112 submissions. The book offers topical sections on description, modal, and temporal logics; saturation based theorem proving, applications, and data structures; logic programming and nonmonotonic reasoning; propositional satisfiability and quantified Boolean logic; logical frameworks, higher-order logic, and interactive theorem proving; equational theorem proving and term rewriting; tableau, sequent, and natural deduction calculi and proof theory; automata, specification, verification, and logics of programs; and nonclassical logics.