Planning and Design of Information Systems provides a theoretical base and a practical method of executing the planning of computerized information systems, and the planning and design of individual applications. The book is organized into five parts, covering the non-technical and nonimplementational part of information systems planning, design, and development. Part I gives the theoretical base for the subsequent parts of the book. It discusses modeling, techniques, notations, boundaries, quality issues and aspects, and decomposition techniques and problems. Part II discusses the needs, problems, and possible solutions for user participation. It describes user organizations, in respect of culture; maturity in the use of automation and computers; and gives a synthesis of participation, cultures, maturity, and information systems development techniques. Part III describes how to develop an Information Systems Architecture, an Information Systems Plan, and a Data Architecture. Part IV presents a structured, programmed approach to planning an application in a short period while maintaining high quality, and discusses project management of application development. Part V covers information analysis, data specification and conceptual data base design, and process and dialog design.
Origins, Contemporary Reforms and Practices, and New Perspectives
Author: Ransford A. Acheampong
Category: Political Science
This book documents and analyses spatial planning in Ghana, providing a comprehensive and critical discussion of the evolving institutional and legal arrangements that have shaped and defined Ghana’s spatial planning system for more than seven decades; the contemporary policy instruments and mechanisms for articulating and implementing policies and proposals at multiple scales; and the formally established procedures for development management. It covers important themes in contemporary spatial planning discourse, including the evolving meaning, scope and purpose of spatial planning globally; the scales of spatial planning (i.e. national, regional, sub-regional and local); multi-level integration within spatial planning; public participation; the interface between urbanization, sustainable growth management and spatial planning; spatial planning and housing development; integrated spatial development and transportation planning; and spatial planning and the urban informal economy. Intended for undergraduate and graduate students, and academic researchers and practitioners/policy-makers in the multidisciplinary field of spatial planning, it appeals to readers seeking an international perspective on spatial planning systems and practices.
How to Hatch a Second Plan That's Always Better Than Your First
Author: David Kord Murray
Pubpsher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Business & Economics
Why has Facebook been so limber, evolving so successfully even after a number of stumbles, while Myspace stalled and lost ground? Why was Wal-Mart able to expand so successfully into new offerings, such as groceries, while H&R Block dramatically failed to expand into offering financial services? The answer, David Murray reveals, is that Facebook and Wal-Mart both started with business models that empowered them to effectively adapt their plans as they executed them. The failure of detailed strategic plans that have taken a great deal of time and money to develop is one of the worst problems in business, and it’s ever more urgent as the pace of change in business continues to accelerate. Murray, author of the acclaimed Wall Street Journal bestseller Borrowing Brilliance, argues that valiantly sticking to even a well-thought-out Plan A is the road to disaster. The greatest success comes to those who know how to construct and implement an adaptive Plan A that has within it the means of evolving into a superior Plan B by responding to problems confronted, discoveries made, changing market conditions, and the competition. Writing in a lively, engaging voice and using a series of specific examples drawn from companies including IBM, Intel, Facebook, American Express, and Kaiser Permanente, as well as from the art of war, including the Battle of Gettysburg and the D-Day invasion, and even from the space program, Murray presents powerful methods for constructing a plan that has the mechanisms for adaptation built in. Drawing on a wealth of research, he explains why we are fairly good at short-term predictions but why, in our ever more rapidly changing business world, even the best laid plans will eventually go astray. He then introduces the best techniques for creating an optimal original plan that takes into account our limited ability to predict, showing that vital to this process is that it be constructed so that we are alerted in time to make the right changes. In a brilliant discussion of strategy and tactics, he shows that the core of this adaptability is making sure that your strategy and tactics are well aligned with one another and that you have established the right metrics for measuring results. He then details precisely how to adapt throughout the execution process by constantly monitoring and assessing results, developing worst-case scenarios, and recognizing unanticipated opportunities. Plan B is an essential guide to harnessing the forces of change to achieve long-lasting success despite the most vexing challenges.
Release on 2019-10-22 | by Valeria Lingua,Verena Balz
Designing and Visioning in Governance Rescaling
Author: Valeria Lingua,Verena Balz
Pubpsher: Springer Nature
Category: Political Science
This book discusses the role of regional design and visioning in the formation of regional territorial governance to offer a better understanding of (1) how a recognition of spatial dynamics and the visualization of spatial futures informs, and is informed by, planning frameworks and (2) how such design processes inform co-operation and collaboration on planning in metropolitan regions. It gathers theoretical reflections on these topics, and illustrates them by means of practical experiences in several European countries. Innovatively associating ideas with knowledge, it appeals to anyone with an interest in planning experiments in a post-regulative era. It aims at an increased understanding of how practices, engaged with the imagination of possible futures, support the creation of institutional capacity for strategic spatial planning at regional scales.
Release on 2008-11 | by Ray D. Madoff,Cornelia R. Tenney,Martin A. Hall,Lisa N. Mingolla
Author: Ray D. Madoff,Cornelia R. Tenney,Martin A. Hall,Lisa N. Mingolla
Category: Business & Economics
Practical Guide to Estate Planning provides an overview of estate planning, offering the widest variety of discussion on planning principles and tools from the simple to the sophisticated. This book is not lacking in detail, witnessed by its well-annotated collection of forms that will appeal to many experienced estate planners. The layout of this book reflects its emphasis on simplicity and clarity. It is divided into four major sections, the first of which provides a general view of the estate planning process.
Everything you need to be fully prepared to take the PRINCE2 Foundation and Practitioner exam As an internationally recognized certification which focuses on the Foundation and Practitioner levels along with being recommended by the Project Management Institute, the PRINCE2 accreditation gives a bolster to any resume. The author, David Hinde, has trained hundreds of individuals from many different backgrounds to prepare for the PRINCE2 exams. The book provides explanations of all parts of the PRINCE2 approach, lots of practical examples, and a whole range of mock examination questions to test your knowledge. Explains all the PRINCE2 themes, processes, principles, roles and management products for the very latest version of PRINCE2 (PRINCE2 2009 Edition) Features full coverage of all Foundation and Practitioner level exam objectives Presents real–world scenarios, showing how the method is used in business and the public sector Includes challenging review questions and electronic flashcards to sharpen your knowledge Covers tips and techniques for tackling the PRINCE2 accreditation examinations and shows you how and where to take the exams Incorporates over 300 sample Foundation-level and over 100 sample Practitioner-level questions, with answers and full explanations Contains a glossary of all PRINCE2 terminology and a quick reference to all the PRINCE2 management products Gives a web link to a set of on-line tools with more bonus exams PRINCE2 Study Guide covers all the necessary topics you need to know in order to confidently take the PRINCE2 Foundation and Practitioner exams.
The proven CFP Study Guide that delivers just what you need to succeed! A quick-study guide for candidates preparing to take the CFP Certification Examination, Rattiner's Review for the CFP® Certification Examination distills the bare-bones essentials you need to know to pass this challenging exam, all in a logical and easy-to-absorb manner. This indispensable study tool for students who have already been through traditional CFP educational programming—and just need a little extra help pulling it all together—provides a no-nonsense approach to studying for some of the most important disciplines of financial planning, including: PFP, insurance, employee benefit, investments, income tax, retirement, and estate planning. Each discipline contains short and concise statements emphasizing key points through mnemonic devices, study tips, and other established test-taking methods that provide helpful hints. Rattiner's Review for the CFP® Certification Examination, Third Edition has been thoroughly updated to include: Reviews from recent CFP Exam students who compare the CFP Board curriculum to this Third Edition, ensuring that all topics are covered adequately New, easy-to-follow flowcharts at the beginning of each chapter highlight the macro level perspective of each subject discipline Basic calculator keystrokes for investment math, retirement, life, and education needs analysis, and other important calculations New multiple-choice questions as well as new charts and tables for quick memorizations New acronyms to help put things into a simplified perspective and help students tie back to the big picture flowchart Perfect as a quick-reference guide to complement all CFP texts and self-study materials, it also serves as an important one-stop resource for financial services professionals who want information in a hurry. Stay organized, on track, and focused with Rattiner's Review for the CFP® Certification Examination, Third Edition.