Grounded theory methodology and procedure have become one of the most influential modes of carrying out qualitative research when generating theory is a principle aim of the researcher. This volume presents a series of readings that emphasize different aspects of grounded theory methodology and methods. The selections are written by former students of the late Anselm Strauss and have been chosen for their accessibility and range.
Award-winning sociologist Adele E. Clarke and her colleagues update the basic methods of situational analysis and show how it can be used in a variety of critical qualitative studies in health care and education.
The grounded theory method is founded on a view of analysis whereby the research questions and potential hypotheses are not articulated at the outset; rather, the researcher initially seeks to gain familiarity with a research context, and only in later stages does the process become progressively more focused and targeted. As such, the grounded theory method uses familiar research tools and techniques (coding, sampling, classification) but in distinctive and innovative ways. As a result, the method is one of the most widely used-if not the most widely used-method in current qualitative research. Initially aimed at the social sciences, the grounded theory method has now spread so far that it can be found in almost any subject area or discipline in which people are observed or interviewed as participants. In Grounded Theory and Grounded Theorizing: Pragmatism in Research Practice, author Antony Bryant illustrates the key features of grounded theory method by showcasing examples from several of his most successful doctoral students. In this accessible volume, Bryant provides expert guidance on the use of grounded theory method in qualitative research by emphasizing and illustrating the essential features and background of the method for readers and researchers of all levels and competencies.
Grounded Theory is by far the most widely used research method across a wide range of disciplines and subject areas, including social sciences, nursing and healthcare, medical sociology, information systems, psychology, and anthropology. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of Grounded Theory, taking into account the many attempts to revise and refine Glaser and Strauss' original formulation and the debates that have followed. Antony Bryant & Kathy Charmaz bring together leading researchers and practitioners of the method from the US, the UK, Australia and Europe to represent all the major standpoints within Grounded Theory, demonstrating the richness of the approach. The contributions cover a wide range of perspectives on the method, covering its features and ramifications, its intricacies in use, its demands on the skills and capabilities of the researcher and its position in the domain of research methods. The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory is an indispensable reference source for academics and researchers across many disciplines who want to develop their understanding of the Grounded Theory method.
Grounded Theory (GT) is one of the oldest and most often used forms of qualitative research. Unlike other methods, GT is used to develop theory. Grounded Theory has great potential for social work because in order to conduct theory-based practice, social workers need middle-range theories that are neither highly abstract nor difficult to apply in real life. Social work and Grounded Theory focus on the interaction of individual and society. GT studies can provide theories about how individuals navigate their surroundings that can be tested in social work practice and, ultimately, be used to guide social work practitioners.In this volume, readers will find discussions of the common roots of social work and Grounded Theory, the basic characteristics of grounded theory research, and issues of quality in grounded theory research. In addition, practical guidelines and suggestions are provided for conducting grounded theory research, from writing the proposal to advanced data analysis. Exemplars from social work literature are used to illustrate grounded theory research in different social work fields. With practice exercises, guidelines for formulating problems and gathering and analyzing data, tips for working with software, consideration of ethical and Institutional Review Board issues, and discussion of new developments such as mixed-method and synthesis, this pocket guide offers social work researchers a strong, practical introduction to GT research.
"This book provides an overview of Glaserian grounded theory and its application to nursing research. It is easy to understand and should serve as a good reference for anyone using grounded theory method." Score: 93, 4 stars --Doody's This book illustrates the development of the Grounded Theory (GT) method as applied to nursing research. Initially developed by Glaser & Strauss (1967), and further described by Glaser in Theoretical Sensitivity (1978), this groundbreaking research method proposes that the first step is to collect data, and subsequently generate the theory that emerges from that data. In essence, this method allows theory to capture experience. The authors present an engaging overview of the GT method, followed by examples of early modes of GT studies. The book focuses on how novice researchers, working at the descriptive level, can apply GT to their nursing research with sensitivity to emerging theoretical codes. Key Features: Guidelines for using Glaserian grounded theory in nursing research Readable research designs suitable for novice researchers Techniques of conceptual mapping to assist in the analytical process Use of emergent theoretical codes to enhance and integrate descriptive theory Testing of completed research in intervention programs in clinical practice Supplementary online materials with definitions of the different modes of GT, a presentation of the Intersystem Model, and more
Kathy Charmaz is one of the world's leading theorists and exponents of grounded theory. In this important and essential new textbook, she introduces the reader to the craft of using grounded theory in social research, and provides a clear, step-by-step guide for those new to the field. Using worked examples throughout, this book also maps out an alternative vision of grounded theory put forward by its founding thinkers, Glaser and Strauss. To Charmaz, grounded theory must move on from its positivist origins and must incorporate many of the methods and questions posed by constructivists over the past twenty years to become a more nuanced and reflexive practice.
Most writing on sociological method has been concerned with how accurate facts can be obtained and how theory can thereby be more rigorously tested. In The Discovery of Grounded Theory, Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss address the equally Important enterprise of how the discovery of theory from data—systematically obtained and analyzed in social research—can be furthered. The discovery of theory from data—grounded theory—is a major task confronting sociology, for such a theory fits empirical situations, and is understandable to sociologists and laymen alike. Most important, it provides relevant predictions, explanations, interpretations, and applications. In Part I of the book, "Generation Theory by Comparative Analysis," the authors present a strategy whereby sociologists can facilitate the discovery of grounded theory, both substantive and formal. This strategy involves the systematic choice and study of several comparison groups. In Part II, The Flexible Use of Data," the generation of theory from qualitative, especially documentary, and quantitative data Is considered. In Part III, "Implications of Grounded Theory," Glaser and Strauss examine the credibility of grounded theory. The Discovery of Grounded Theory is directed toward improving social scientists' capacity for generating theory that will be relevant to their research. While aimed primarily at sociologists, it will be useful to anyone Interested In studying social phenomena—political, educational, economic, industrial— especially If their studies are based on qualitative data.
The second edition of this bestselling handbook features extensive updates of all existing chapters, as well as eight new chapters representing the biggest recent developments in Grounded Theory, both in theory and practice. The highly acclaimed editors have once again brought together a team of key academics from a wide range of disciplines, perspectives and countries. This is a method-defining resource for advanced students and researchers across the social sciences.
Qualitative methods have become increasingly popular among researchers, and while many comprehensive textbooks describe the standard techniques and philosophical assumptions, it is often assumed that practitioners are consumers of research and not producers. This innovative book describes how qualitative methods can be used to investigate the in-vivo use of theory in social work practice. It offers not just a comprehensive overview of methods, but a concise, accessible guide focused on how to study and explicate application of theory, and the creative tension that inevitably exists between theory and practice. Theory-to-practice gaps are indispensable conditions for conducting engaged scholarship, which in turn promotes collaboration between researchers and practitioners in addressing practice-related problems in real-world settings. Engaged scholarship and critical realist assumptions are applied to three case studies that combine research questions with data collection techniques and analytic strategies. Thematic, grounded theory, and narrative research techniques are all illustrated, including original quick-start instructions for using ATLAS.ti software. Institutional ethnography is also presented as a method that is particularly useful for social work practice settings. By generating knowledge of practice in open and natural systems, qualitative methods can be used to examine how practice is experienced and how interventions may be understood and transformed. This cutting-edge pocket guide will equip practitioner-scholars with the foundation for conducting research that makes a difference.
ìThis uniformly fine book extends and intensifies the dialogue about grounded theory and nursing.... well-designed, well-crafted, and accessible.î --Sally A. Hutchinson, PhD, RN, FAAN ì...the torch has been passed to a new generation of grounded theorists.... The editors have assembled chapters by many of the best-known scholars in North America.î --Sandra P. Thomas, PhD, RN, FAAN What is grounded theory? How is it done? When is it most appropriate to use? Grounded theory can be the research method of choice for nurses seeking to find out how people cope with existing or potential health challenges. This book offers broad coverage of method, background, philosophical roots, and new directions for grounded theory in nursing.
Due to their complexity, societal influence, and dynamic nature, organizations have become a prominent area of study. As researchers are continually looking for novel methods for developing business practices, the implementation of grounded theory has risen in prevalence. Empirical research is required to understand the theoretical foundation and practical applications of grounded theory within organizational research and development. Qualitative Exploration of Grounded Theory in Organizational Research provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of data gathering and analysis for organizational improvement. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and technology management, this book is ideally designed for researchers, strategists, managers, executives, analysts, academicians, practitioners, students, policymakers, and educators seeking current research on the development of organizations and business strategy using grounded theory approaches.
Takes the reader through the process of beginning and developing a research problem or question, defining their objectives and undertaking empirical or literature-based research that involves data collection, analysis, writing up and dissemination. This book also highlights and details potential obstacles, and essential techniques and methods.
The purpose of this case study is to provide insights into research that I, as a doctoral student, conducted using a grounded theory methodology. I was interested in exploring the processes undertaken by nurse academics when embedding evidence-based practice concepts into their teaching and learning practices. This case study will take the readers through the reasoning behind the selection of grounded theory methodology in line with the research questions. In addition, the readers will be guided through the data collection methods, data analysis approaches, and the outcome of these approaches. To address the aims of the research, I chose a constructivist grounded theory approach, informed by Kathy Charmaz. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, some participants were observed, and a few subject guides were analyzed. In total, 23 nurse academics across Australian higher education institutions agreed to participate in the interviews, 9 consented to be observed during their teaching, and some shared their curriculum documents for analysis purpose. I analyzed the data using open, focused, and advanced coding that resulted in a theory which is grounded in data.
With its unique modelling and mapping of social processes, Investigative Research offers an alternative approach to social research. This book guides you through the theoretical grounding and rules you need to effectively combine the evidence-based explanations of social behaviour and distinctive strategies of data collection associated with investigative research. It helps you answer key investigative questions like: How are models and maps of social reality crucial to the formulation of research problems and questions? What are the main phases, challenges, and theories of investigative research? How does investigative research compare with other research approaches, like surveys, case studies, grounded theory, and mixed methods? How can you control the quality and validity of your investigative research? With its clear focus on investigative research exploration, description, and explanation, this book gives you the solid building blocks needed to manage and integrate the theoretical and practical issues in your work.
Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn provides an innovative approach to grounded theory useful in a wide array of qualitative research projects. Extending Anselm Strauss’s ecological social worlds/arenas/discourses framework, this book offers researchers three kinds of maps that place an emphasis on the range of differences rather than commonalities, as found via the traditional grounded theory approach. These maps include situational, social worlds/arena, and positional maps.
Grounded Theory represents a primer for organisational, business and marketing students studying for research degrees who would like to adopt the grounded theory methodology approach for their dissertation or thesis.
Grounded theory, often considered the parent of all qualitative research, is a complex approach used to develop theory about a phenomenon rooted in observation of empirical data. Widely used in nursing, grounded theory enables researchers to apply what they learn from interviewees to a wider client population. This is a practical "how to" guide to conducting research using this qualitative design. It is part of an innovative series for novice researchers and specialists alike focusing on nine state-of-the-art methodologies from a nursing perspective. International scholars of grounded theory discuss the theoretical rationale for using this design, describe its components, and delineate a plan for generating theory using grounded theory methodology. Examples from published nursing research, with author commentary, help support new and experienced researchers in making decisions and facing challenges. The book describes traditional and focused grounded theory, phases of research, and methodology from sample and setting to dissemination and follow-up. It encompasses state-of-the-art research about grounded theory with an extensive bibliography and resources. Varied case studies range from promoting health for an overweight child to psychological adjustment of Chinese women with breast cancer to a study of nursing students' experiences in the off-campus clinical setting, among many others. The book also discusses techniques whereby researchers can ensure high standards of rigor. Each chapter includes objectives, competencies, review questions, critical thinking exercises, and links to web resources. With a focus on practical problem solving throughout, the book will be of value to novice and experienced nurse researchers, graduate teachers and students, in-service educators and students, and nursing research staff at health care institutions. Key Features: Includes examples of state-of-the-art grounded theory nursing research with content analysis and extensive bibliography Describes types of grounded theory, phases of research, and methodology Provides case studies including description, data collection and analysis, and dissemination Written by international scholars of grounded theory research
Classic Grounded Theory: Applications With Qualitative and Quantitative Data provides practical “how to” guidance for doing grounded theory (GT) using the classic approach articulated by Barney Glaser. Authors Judith A. Holton and Isabelle Walsh emphasize the philosophical flexibility of classic GT as a “full package” approach that can be applied to any study and any type of data where the goal is to discover and generate a conceptually integrated theory. Drawing on the experiences of novice researchers who have participated in GT troubleshooting seminars, the book provides step-by-step guidance on undertaking a research study that stays true to the classic GT practice paradigm.