The wave of anti-government protests that swept through the Arab world from December 2010 on transformed the face of the whole Middle East. The protests came as a surprise to many observers-- but not to Rami Zurayk, a very experienced Lebanese agronomist and social activist who had been charting the collapse of traditional agricultural livelihoods in the Middle East for more than quarter of a century and had watched the successive spikes in food prices that rocked the low-income portions of the world economy from 2007 on with great concern.In 2007, Zurayk started writing the "Land and People" blog, as an adjunct to a project he had founded the previous year, to provide agricultural extension and support services to some of the South Lebanese communities that had been hardest hit by the widespread Israeli attacks of July-August 2006.Now, with the publication of Food, Farming, and Freedom: Sowing the Arab Spring, Zurayk presents his choice of the best of the posts in the blog, along with some of his other writings, grouped into five chapters that address:1. Issues of food sovereignty and politics,2. The food-price crisis of 20072008 and how it affected Arab countries,3. Issues at the nexus of environment, resources, and people, including phenomena such as the "Slow Food" movement with which Zurayk has long been affiliated,4. A critique of many Western-dominated development efforts, and5. The story of the Arab Spring, from December 2010 through mid-April, 2011.Interleaved between these five chapters is a series of travel reports, illustrated with Zurayk's own photos, from trips he took in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Morocco, during which he sought to learn more about (and enjoy) these countries' land and people-- and their food.
* From 1989 to 1992, Cuba faced an economic crisis three times more severe than the Great Depression. This was a result of the fall of the Soviet Union and an end to the imports it provided. * Cuba is world's first national experiment in sustainable agriculture. * National Food Program declared food, and freedom from hunger, basic human rights. This is a story of resistance against all odds, of Cubas remarkable recovery from a food crisis brought on by the collapse of trade relations with the former socialist bloc and the tightening of the U.S. embargo. Unable to import either food or the farm chemicals and machines needed to grow it via conventional agriculture, Cuba turned inward toward self-reliance. Sustainable agriculture, organic farming, urban gardens, smaller farms, animal traction and biological pest control are part of the successful paradigm shift underway in the Cuban countryside. In this book Cuban authors offer details for the first time in Englishof these remarkable achievements, which may serve as guideposts toward healthier, more environmentally friendly and self-reliant farming in countries both North and South.
Release on 2012-04-24 | by World Bank,International Monetary Fund
Food Prices, Nutrition, and the Millennium Development Goals
Author: World Bank,International Monetary Fund
Pubpsher: World Bank Publications
This year's report summarizes the short- and long-term impact of food prices on several MDGs, explores future trends, and review policy responses, from domestic policies such as social safety nets, nutritional programs and agricultural policies, to regional trade policies to support by the international community.
This three-volume work examines all facets of the modern U.S. food system, including the nation's most important food and agriculture laws, the political forces that shape modern food policy, and the food production trends that are directly impacting the lives of every American family. • Examines a breadth of contemporary food controversies and offers diverse viewpoints on them, placing these perspectives fairly into a broader historical context • Presents a multidisciplinary approach to the subject of food that highlights related issues in transportation, business, diet and nutrition, public health, the environment, and public policy • Includes primary documents that illuminate important laws, policies, and perspectives on the environmental, public health, and economic impact of food • Provides readers with the latest information about food controversies as well as extensive resources for further study on major food controversies
Release on 2010-07-29 | by G. Lysenko,Victor Squires,Willy H. Verheye
Author: G. Lysenko,Victor Squires,Willy H. Verheye
Pubpsher: EOLSS Publications
Interactions: Food, Agriculture And Environment is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Interactions: Food, Agriculture and Environment focuses on methods to ensure the development of agriculture and food production to be in dialectic unity with the surrounding natural environment. In every country of the world agriculture always faces complex problems: how to significantly increase production of agricultural products to supply the population with sufficient food, and industry with sufficient raw materials, and how to satisfy the permanently growing demand. The acuteness of this task has always been linked with the demographic factor and the need to guarantee the population with a high living standard free of starvation and poverty. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
This informative exploration deals with the evolution of food and agriculture since the development of written history, including the ancient origins of animal and crop husbandry and the development of intensive animal agriculture.