A Fascinating Guide to the Mythology and Religion of Ancient Egypt: Gods, Myths and Religion
Author: Lucia Gahlin
This vivid and authoritative reference book introduces us to the gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt. It describes their characters and identifying features, the myths surrounding them, and their role in the creation of society. In ancient Egypt, the pharaoh was a human embodiment of a divine being, bridging the distance between the people and the gods. Elaborate funerary rituals for the pharaohs, offerings to the gods, festivals, taboos, superstitions, dreams and oracles reveal how far religion influenced and enriched the lives of the ordinary people. Maps, chronologies and artworks supplement hundreds of photographs in this masterly history.
A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt
Author: Geraldine Pinch
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press, USA
From stories of resurrected mummies and thousand-year-old curses to powerful pharaohs and the coveted treasures of the Great Pyramids, ancient Egypt has had an unfaltering grip on the modern imagination. Now, in Egyptian Mythology, Geraldine Pinch offers a comprehensive introduction that untangles the mystery of Egyptian Myth. Spanning Ancient Egyptian culture--from 3200 BC to AD 400--Pinch opens a door to this hidden world and casts light on its often misunderstood belief system. She discusses the nature of myths and the history of Egypt, from the predynastic to the postpharaonic period. She explains how Egyptian culture developed around the flooding of the Nile, or the "inundation," a phenomenon on which the whole welfare of the country depended, and how aspects of the inundation were personified as deities. She explains that the usually cloudless skies made for a preoccupation with the stars and planets. Indeed, much early Egyptian mythology may have developed to explain the movement of these celestial bodies. She provides a timeline covering the seven stages in the mythical history of Egypt and outlining the major events of each stage, such as the reign of the sun God. A substantial A to Z section covers the principal themes and concepts of Egyptian mythology as well as the most important deities, demons, and other characters. For anyone who wants to know about Anubis, the terrifying canine god who presided over the mummification of bodies and guarded burials, or Hathor, the golden goddess who helped women to give birth and the dead to be reborn, or an explanation of the nun, the primeval ocean from which all life came, Egyptian Mythology is the place to look.
Egyptian myths articulated the core values of one of the longest lasting civilizations in history, and myths of deities such as Isis and Osiris influenced contemporary cultures and became part of the Western cultural heritage. Egyptian Mythology: A Very Short Introduction explains the cultural and historical background to the fascinating and complex world of Egyptian myth, with each chapter dealing with a particular theme. To show the variety of source material for Egyptian myth, each chapter features a particular object--such as the obelisk known as Cleopatra's Needle, a golden statue of Tutankhamun, and a papyrus containing a story in which the Egyptian gods behave outrageously--which is illustrated by a photograph or line-drawing. The myth "The Contendings of Horus and Seth" is looked at in detail, and the many interpretations it has provoked are examined. In addition to a list of major deities and myths, there are explanations of related topics such as how hieroglyphs work, royal names and titles, and the Egyptian cosmos. There is also a timeline of Egyptian history, a glossary of technical terms and an up-to-date bibliography.
Three-fourths of the monuments of ancient Egypt are directly concerned with the religious beliefs of this enigmatic people. Alan W. Shorter discusses the most important facts about the Egyptian gods, their mythology, and more. Includes an expanded bibliography by Bonnie L. Petry.