Democracy and Diversity

Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Democracy and Diversity

A study of the way in which the democratizing states of Asia and the Pacific have managed political change, with particular focus on innovative reforms to democratic institutions such as electoral systems, political parties and executive governments

Democracy and Diversity

Democracy and Diversity

The chapters in this book deal with different, though related, topics concerning the tense relationship between democracy and diversity. On the one hand, social diversity represents an opportunity, widening the horizon of social options and perspectives of innovation, but, on the other hand, it creates problems for the social cohesion and peaceful coexistence of many groups, be they majority or minority. The chapters depart from the intrinsic connection between democracy and diversity – and the unavoidable challenges that pluralism poses to decision-making procedures – investigating, from different perspectives, how the normative requirement of fully respecting agents’ reflexive agency impacts the revision of democratic decision-making procedures and the way in which institutions react to citizens’ justice-based claims. All the contributions share the theoretical insight that diversity is one of the raisons d’être of democracy, and, still, all acknowledge that the fact of pluralism poses challenges to the legitimacy of democratic procedures of decision-making. Indeed, if citizens had the same values and preferences, collective decisions would be easily achieved and the institution of democratic procedures would be redundant. Yet the wide pluralism of doctrines, habits, social standards, and conceptions of the goods typical of contemporary societies has often led citizens to challenge the legitimacy of democratic decisions because these choices do not fit their preferences or values. To address these challenges following recent accounts of democratic decision-making, in this volume, different strategies are introduced, defended, and criticized in order to outline a perspective that is able to guide actual decision-making processes (guidance), define standards that everyone has equal opportunity to fulfil (inclusion), and grant that citizens exercise their reflexive control on the whole democratic system (reflexivity). The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.

Democracy and Diversity in Financial Market Regulation

Democracy and Diversity in Financial Market Regulation

Financial markets have become acknowledged as a source of crisis, and discussion of them has shifted from economics, through legal and regulatory studies, to politics. Events from 2008 onwards raise important, cross-disciplinary questions: must financial markets drive states into political and existential crisis, must public finances take over private losses, must citizens endure austerity? This book argues that there is an alternative. If the financial system were less 'connected', contagion within the market would be reduced and crises would become more localised and intermittent, less global and pervasive. The question then becomes how to reduce connectedness within financial markets. This book argues that the democratic direction of financial market policies can deliver this. Politicising financial market policies – taking discussion of these issues out of the sphere of the 'technical' and putting it into the same democratically contested space as, for example, health and welfare policies – would encourage differing policies to emerge in different countries. Diversity of regulatory regimes would result in some business models being attracted to some jurisdictions, others to others. The resulting heterogeneity, when viewed from a global perspective, would be a reversal of recent and current tendencies towards one single/global 'level playing field', within which all financial firms and sectors have become closely connected and across which contagion inevitably reigns. No doubt the democratisation of financial market policy would be opposed by big firms – their interests being served by regulatory convergence – and considered macabre by some financial regulators and central bankers, who are coalescing into an elite community. However, everyone else, Nicholas Dorn argues here, would be better off in a financial world characterised by greater diversity.

Discipline, Democracy and Diversity

Working With Students with Behavioural Difficulties

Discipline, Democracy and Diversity

Unacceptable and disruptive behaviour in schools, and how to deal with it, ranks as one of the most pressing concerns for today's teachers. Author Angus McFarlane draws on his considerable experience in working with students with challenging behaviours to provide a useful range of practical approaches,responses,practices, and procedures that teachers can use in their everyday work. The combination of research scholarship and on-the-job experience will support teachers to develop more skilful classroom-management strategies.

Democracy and diversity

India and the American experience

Democracy and diversity

This volume is a comparative study of the Indian and American experiences of democracy. They deal with institutions and ethnicity, idea of the nation-state, linguistic diversity, minorities question, political parties and democratic practices, federalism and decentralization.

Teaching Democracy

Unity and Diversity in Public Life

Teaching Democracy

In Teaching Democracy, Walter Parker makes a unique and thoughtful contribution to the hot debate between proponents of multicultural education and those who favor a cultural literacy approach. Parker conclusively demonstrates that educating for democratic citizenship in a multicultural society includes a fundamental respect for diversity. This scholarly yet accessible work: Bridges the widening gap between multicultural education and civic education; provides powerful teaching strategies that educators can use to draw children creatively and productively into a way of life that protects and nurtures cultural pluralism and racial equity; explains the unity, diversity confusion that is found in popular media as well as in multicultural- and citizenship-education initiatives; defines deliberative discussion and explores its promise as the centerpiece of democratic education in schools, both elementary and secondary.

External Democracy Promotion and Diversity Among International Agencies

Evaluating Variances in the Impact of the UNDP and the EC in Rwanda

External Democracy Promotion and Diversity Among International Agencies

The book offers new insight into the diversity of democracy promotion. It takes up the puzzle of mixed results for international agencies in external democracy promotion despite the global goal of democracy and the attempt to shape a common policy emphasized in various international agreements. On the background of backlashes and the search for new answers; it analyzes how the UNDP and the EC promoted democracy in Rwanda from 2003 until 2013 with a selective outlook until today. As a result, it outlines how democracy strategies differ. Furthermore, it develops a new concept of variances which can be applied for other international organizations and agencies as well as in other recipient states.

Defending Democracy and Securing Diversity

Defending Democracy and Securing Diversity

Old sergeants say, "we're here to defend democracy, not to practice it!" But are they right? The special mandate with which defence and security organizations are tasked imposes unique constraints with respect to the accommodation of diversity which differs from those faced by any other public or private organization. Yet, the compound effect of demographic, political, economic, social and legal pressures is making diversity as inevitable in the defence and security sector as in any other organization in advanced industrialized democracies. Owing in part to a dearth of research on the way the defence and security sectors can leverage diversity to enhance their functional imperatives, such sectors have been reticent about diversity. The chapters in this volume strive to enlighten the debate by laying out the concepts, clarifying theoretical issues, and providing empirical evidence. The case studies draw on Canada, Guyana, the Netherlands, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. They examine ethno-cultural, gender, and sexual-minority diversity in a variety of missions, including Bosnia-Herzegovina and Afghanistan. The chapters are notable for their methodological pluralism and interdisciplinary range including political science, sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Although scholarly in nature, the book is readily accessible to professionals and practitioners alike. This book was published as a special issue of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics.

Political Democracy and Ethnic Diversity in Modern European History

Political Democracy and Ethnic Diversity in Modern European History

This is the first volume in which the fate of democracy is directly related to ethnic diversity. It highlights the crucial episodes in modern European political history, and shows in what sense ethnic diversity was of vital importance.

Contested Values

Democracy and Diversity in American Culture

Contested Values