Critical Issues in Tourism

A Geographical Perspective

Critical Issues in Tourism

The first edition of this text provided a geographic perspective on how the production and consumption of tourism are reshaping human and physical environments. This edition builds on this, updating the material to reflect changes that have taken place.

Critical Issues in Ecotourism

Understanding a Complex Tourism Phenomenon

Critical Issues in Ecotourism

Identifies and addresses critical issues in ecotourism. This book provides the reader with contributions from international scholars that address issues of relevance; incorporating scientific insights in specialised fields of research, for example, identifying and protecting critical habits where tourists engage with endangered species.

Tourism in Spain

Critical Issues

Tourism in Spain

Spain is one of the world's main tourism destinations and tourism makes a major contribution to the Spanish economy. During the past thirty years, Spanish tourism has been a microcosm of many of the key issues facing tourism industries. Thus it was a prime example of the rush to mass tourism and tourism development in the 1960s and 1970s, but more recently faced a recession as a new generation of tourists sought new tourism experiences. Spanish tourism is therefore now looking increasingly to alternatives to mass beach tourism, particularly to cultural, urban and ecotourism. This book provides a review and critical analysis of tourism in Spain. Written by authors from the UK, Spain and USA, it shows how Spanish tourism illustrates many of the topical themes currently of concern to tourism academics and professionals. It provides a useful supplementary text for tourism courses, and is also relevant to others such as geographers and economists.

Tourism Geography

Tourism Geography

This text draws on case studies from across the world to offer a concise review of established tourism geographies and shows how patterns in the production and consumption of tourist places are fashioning new tourism geographies in the late 1990s.

A Companion to Tourism

A Companion to Tourism

This groundbreaking Companion offers readers an opportunity to reassess key themes in contemporary tourism studies in the light of recent theoretical developments in tourism studies and the social sciences, as well as dramatic changes in the operating environment for tourism. A critical overview of current research in tourism studies. Offers readers an opportunity to reassess key themes in tourism studies in the light of recent developments, such as terrorist attacks, SARS and the financial failure of airlines. Comprises 48 specially commissioned essays, written by more than 50 acknowledged experts from around the world. Covers cutting-edge perspectives and topics, including tourism’s role in globalization, sustainable tourism, and the state’s role in tourism development. Sets an agenda for future tourism research. Includes a wealth of bibliographic references.

Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa

Local Communities and Natural Resources in Transition

Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa

Tourism has become a major economic agent and an important social and cultural element in contemporary southern Africa. As such, tourism has a wide range of impacts on environment, economy, cultures, and the everyday life of people. These processes have highlighted the role of sustainability in tourism development.This book represents an accessible examination of the connections between tourism and sustainability in southern Africa. It introduces connections between tourism, sustainability and development with a range of case studies and examples from the region. While the book and the individual chapters are emphasising the key role of tourism in the transition processes of local communities and environments, the social, cultural, economic and political contexts of tourism and communities are also highlighted.

Responsible Tourism

Critical Issues for Conservation and Development

Responsible Tourism

Responsible Tourism presents a wide variety of valuable lessons learned in responsible tourism initiatives in Southern Africa that many tourism practitioners can use in their efforts to make the tourism sector work for the poor and for the environment.Dr Harsh Varma, Director, Development Assistance Department, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)For those interested in how tourism can assist in the economic and social development of societies in need, Responsible Tourism effectively integrates scales and types of knowledge to present an informative, stimulating perspective. It will be on my bookshelf.Steve McCool, Professor Emeritus, Wildland Recreation Management, University of MontanaResponsible tourism is one of the most significant contemporary issues for tourism scholars and practitioners alike. This useful and clearly written collection of new research demonstrates the innovations in responsible tourism occurring within southern Africa and provides lessons for international research and practice.Professor Christian Rogerson, University of Witwatersrand, South AfricaConservation efforts are often seen to be in conflict with local livelihoods and resource use - the park versus people debate. Responsible tourism and Ecotourism are often invoked as a third way that serve both ends. Yet do they actually work in practice?This volume delves deep into practice in southern Africa, the hotbed of innovation on the issue, and provides a comprehensive, evidence-based examination of what works and what fails, using a wealth of information from scholars and practitioners working in the region. This book opens with an overview of the issues, looks at what sustainable and responsible tourism are in practice and how they may contribute to conservation, poverty alleviation and local economic development. Part 1 examines policies and institutional activities in responsible tourism by governments, donor agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and addresses the market for responsible travel. Part 2 considers responsible nature-based tourism, the economics of wildlife tourism and ecotourism, transfrontier conservation areas, ecological impacts of tourism and other issues. Part 3 looks at more detailed case studies of community-based tourism projects, and highlights the reasons for successes and failures in this sector. The book concludes with a synthesis of the key findings with implications for policy, destination planning, business management, and future private sector and donor interventions.Published with the Southern African Sustainable Use Specialist Group (SASUSG) of IUCN

Tourism and Development in the Third World

Tourism and Development in the Third World

What is the thruth behind the paradise beaches in travel brocures? What can a developing country do when one exotic holiday seems much like another, when political instability or environmental disaster can deter tourist for years, when the tourism industry slips into foreign control? Tourism and Development in the Third World assess the diverse social, economic, and environmental factors which impact on the Third World. Illustrating the analysis with cases which range across tourism in game parks, sex tours and the after-efects of political turmoil, the book explores ways of managing tourism as a resource and evaluates its long-term contribution towards national development.

Coastal Mass Tourism

Diversification and Sustainable Development in Southern Europe

Coastal Mass Tourism

The Mediterranean coastal regions of Southern Europe have long been world leaders in mass tourism. This book examines some key questions for tourism development in these areas, with implications for similar regions across the world. The standardised forms of mass tourism are diversifying – with more specialised forms, notably those based on nature, culture and heritage, and those catering for special interests. There is a growing spectrum of modes of tourism, with an emphasis on variety, flexibility and permeability. Both mass tourism and the more diversified forms substantially impact on sustainable development. Policies promoting sustainable development are often of two main types: developing smaller-scale, alternative tourism products that are intended to be less damaging to the environment and society, and secondly, attempts to make mass tourism coastal resorts more sustainable. But there has been little critical assessment of these policies, either evaluating their basic assumptions or their successes and failures in practice. This edited book critically examines these issues for varied coastal regions in Southern Europe, including case studies from Spain, Croatia, Turkey, and north and south Cyprus.