Release on 2008-08-05 | by Owen E. Hughes,Deirdre O'Neill
Author: Owen E. Hughes,Deirdre O'Neill
Pubpsher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Category: Political Science
The rise of globalization and heightened debate over trade, protection, competition, and the environment have created unprecedented challenges for businesses and governments worldwide. These are systematically assessed in this important new text.
The Politics of Business and Government in Canada, Second Edition
Author: Geoffrey Hale
Pubpsher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Business & Economics
"The Canadian government's pursuit of economic growth is central to its economic policy and to the nature of its relationship with the business community. The government depends on business investment for economic growth vital to the prosperity of citizens, the generation of tax revenues, and enough public satisfaction to win re-election. Businesses depend on the government for stable sets of rules that are necessary for success. They often look to governments for protection against threats to their well-being and for assistance in competing with other businesses. In this new edition of Uneasy Partnership, Geoffrey Hale examines the interdependent relationship between Canadian governments and businesses, considering the political role of the government in the economy and what effect this has on the business environment. Hale provides an overview of the historical dimensions of Canada's political economy and relations between government and business, giving readers background to consider topics such as corporate power, the implications of Canada's economic structure, regional economic differences, and the role of interest groups in political and policy processes, among others. In a thoughtful and well-researched style, Hale lays out how the partnership between business and government in Canada is an uneasy one--and one whose capacity to adapt to ongoing changes is essential in an uncertain world."--
American Political Economy in Comparative Perspective
Author: Richard Lehne
Pubpsher: CQ Press
Category: Political Science
In this thoroughly updated edition, Lehne takes a comparative approach, evaluating the U.S. political economy with respect to those of Great Britain, Germany, Japan, and the EU. The book provides detailed historical context for, and a conceptual understanding of, the business-government environment, and then clari?es the roles of the major actors and outlines the regulatory and policy frameworks. Along the way, Lehne probes some of the most crucial dilemmas facing government and business today.
Through creative use of examples, case studies and exercises from organizations worldwide, this book demonstrates the many levels at which globalization impacts on contemporary businesses, society and organizations.
Global companies are facing a new, pressure to develop leaders with global mindsets. The war for managerial talent has never been so intense. Companies and business schools need not only to fine tune practices and models, but redesign current paradigms and create more effective and sustainable ways to invest in leadership development.
Can production for global markets help business groups to mobilize collectively? Under what conditions does globalization enable the private sector to develop independent organizational bases and create effective relationships with the state? Focusing on varied Moroccan and Tunisian responses to trade liberalization in the 1990s, Melani Cammett argues that two constitutive dimensions of business-government relations shape business responses to global economic opening: the balance of power between business and the state before economic opening and the preexisting business class structure. These two dimensions combine to form different configurations of business-government relations, including 'distant' and 'close' linkages, leading to divergent interests and, hence, strategic behavior by industrialists. The book also extends the analysis to additional country cases, including India, Turkey, and Taiwan, and examines how different patterns of business-government relations affect processes of industrial upgrading.
Release on 2009-01-08 | by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Naval Studies Board,Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability
Issues for 2008 and Beyond
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Naval Studies Board,Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability
Pubpsher: National Academies Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Conventional prompt global strike (CPGS) is a military option under consideration by the U.S. Department of Defense. This book, the final report from the National Research Council's Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability, analyzes proposed CPGS systems and evaluates the potential role CPGS could play in U.S. defense. U.S. Conventional Prompt Global Strike provides near-, mid-, and long-term recommendations for possible CPGS development, addressing the following questions: Does the United States need CPGS capabilities? What are the alternative CPGS systems, and how effective are they likely to be if proposed capabilities are achieved? What would be the implications of alternative CPGS systems for stability, doctrine, decision making, and operations? What nuclear ambiguity concerns arise from CPGS, and how might they be mitigated? What arms control issues arise with CPGS systems, and how might they be resolved? Should the United States proceed with research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E) of the Conventional Trident Modification (CTM) program5 and, ultimately, with CTM production and deployment? Should the United States proceed with the development and testing of alternative CPGS systems beyond CTM?
The crisis in Asia has caused economic hardship and brought an end to the 'economic miracle' of fast economic growth in the region. This book asks whether the 1997/8 crisis marks a break with the past and signals an end to 'Asian' ways of running economies. During the period of rapid growththere were strong connections between governments and business in the region. 'Cronyism', or close connections between family, business, and government, was exposed when the stock markets and currencies dived. Pressure from overseas investors and international organizations has produced reforms inthe region.The book examines the social, economic, and political modes of governance in the region. It finds that there is a shifting balance between rule by the market, rule by connections, and rule by force. In the sphere of economic management, it shows that the period of the 'developmental state' in Japanand Korea has come to an end, but that it has not yet been replaced by a liberal market. Elsewhere the close connections between governments and business have been weakened but not yet broken. There are still special 'Asian' characteristics in economic management and in politics. The forces of'Globalization' are strong, but they are confronted with political and economic cultures that are not rooted in liberal market ethics.