Renowned authority Russell Barkley provides a radical shift of perspective on ADHD. He argues that the disorder is not at root attentional, but rather a developmental problem of self-control. Offering new directions for thinking about and working with those with ADHD, this model has far-reaching implications for clinical practice.
Release on 2015-02-18 | by Carter Hay,Ryan Meldrum
Author: Carter Hay,Ryan Meldrum
Pubpsher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
What exactly is self-control, and what life outcomes does it affect? What causes a person to have high or low self-control to begin with? What effect does self-control have on crime and other harmful behavior? Using a clear, conversational writing style, Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course answers critical questions about self-control and its importance for understanding criminal behavior. Authors Carter Hay and Ryan Meldrum use intuitive examples to draw attention to the close connection between self-control and the behavioral choices people make, especially in reference to criminal, deviant, and harmful behaviors that often carry short-term benefits but long-term costs. The text builds an overall theoretical perspective that conveys the multi-disciplinary nature of modern-day self-control research. Moreover, far from emphasizing only theoretical issues, the authors place public policy at the forefront, using self-control research to inform policy efforts that reduce the societal costs of low self-control and the behaviors it enables.
This issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics focuses on non-pharmacologic interventions for ADHD in children and adolescents. Editors Stephen Faraone's and Kevin Antshel's goal with this publication is to help the clinician decipher the literature base in an attempt to make informed decisions and recommendations for the families that they treat in light of new non-pharmacologic interventions. To guide readers of this issue, Authors present information in a specific structure designed to describe the non-pharmacologic intervention theoretically and practically, as well as provide clinically useful information regarding who is most likely to respond and which outcomes are most likely to be affected by treatment. Likewise, Authors include information on adverse effects / contraindications of the non-pharmacologic treatments and how treatments should be sequenced and/or integrated with other treatments. Science is translated into clinical practice that can be easily applied; this volume strikes a balance between reviewing the evidence base and providing clinically useful information. Among the topics are: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents with ADHD; Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of ADHD; School-Based Interventions for Elementary School Students with ADHD; Middle and High School Based Interventions for Adolescents with ADHD; Healthy Body, Healthy Mind? The Effectiveness of Physical Activity to Treat ADHD in Children; Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review of Current Evidence; Social Skills Training; Behavior Management for Preschool-Aged Children; Computer-based Cognitive Training for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A review of current evidence; Restriction and Elimination Diets in ADHD Treatment; Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of ADHD: A Review; Summer Treatment Programs for Youth with ADHD; Non-Pharmacologic Treatments for ADHD; Behavior Management for School Aged Children with ADHD; Family Therapy for Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; An Integrated Dietary/Nutritional Approach to ADHD; Toward an Evidence-Based Taxonomy of Non-Pharmacologic Treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Widely regarded as the standard clinical reference, this volume provides the best current knowledge about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents, and adults. The field's leading authorities address all aspects of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, including psychological therapies and pharmacotherapy. Core components of ADHD are elucidated. The volume explores the impact of the disorder across a wide range of functional domains--behavior, learning, psychological adjustment, school and vocational outcomes, and health. All chapters conclude with user-friendly Key Clinical Points. New to This Edition *Reflects significant advances in research and clinical practice. *Expanded with many new authors and new topics. *Chapters on cutting-edge interventions: social skills training, dietary management, executive function training, driving risk interventions, complementary/alternative medicine, and therapies for adults. *Chapters on the nature of the disorder: neuropsychological aspects, emotional dysregulation, peer relationships, child- and adult-specific domains of impairment, sluggish cognitive tempo, and more.
Recent advances in genetic methodology are providing important aetiological and developmental information to the growing literature on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and related conditions. Attention, Genes and ADHD is the first book to review and integrate both behaviour-genetic and molecular-genetic advances in this area. It brings together international researchers to show how modern techniques may be applied to the investigation of ADHD, and reviews current findings in the field of ADHD and related conditions. The book looks at the application of behaviour genetic approaches to twin studies, and reviews diagnostic to ADHD, the relationships between reading, spelling and ADHD, and family and genetic influences on speech and speech and language. Chapters go on to consider the overlaps between ADHD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder and to explore the environmental and genetic influences among these disorders. The neurobiological and genetic relationship between ADHD and Tourette's Disorder is also examined. The book reviews recent advances in molecular genetics - in particular a discussion of Fragile X as a model for a single single gene effects on ADHD, and the application of genetic methods and approaches to the study of candidate genes. Finally, the implications for education and intervention are discussed, and current and future roles of gentic studies of ADHD are explored, as well as implications of the sequencing of the human genome for child psychiatry.
Release on 2009-06-10 | by Richard A. Lougy,Silvia L. DeRuvo,David Rosenthal, MD
What to Know and Do to Help Your Students
Author: Richard A. Lougy,Silvia L. DeRuvo,David Rosenthal, MD
Pubpsher: Corwin Press
Covers current information on causes, symptoms, and medications for ADHD, as well as the school counselor's role in providing interventions, collaborating with teachers, and communicating with parents.
Release on 2014-02-03 | by Stephen P. Hinshaw,Richard M. Scheffler
Myths, Medication, Money, and Today's Push for Performance
Author: Stephen P. Hinshaw,Richard M. Scheffler
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most controversial and misunderstood medical conditions today. With skyrocketing rates of diagnosis and medication treatment, it has generated a firestorm of controversy. Alarming questions have been raised about ADHD in recent years, including: *Why are one in nine children and adolescents in the U.S. now diagnosed with ADHD, with projected rates still rising? *Why are nearly 70% of those diagnosed with ADHD prescribed medication? *What is causing the fast-rising diagnosis and medication of adults? And why are over a quarter of all college students using stimulants for academic performance? *In some southern states, why are boys over 9 years old diagnosed at rates of almost one in three? *Can we trust the stories we read and hear about ADHD, even in major media outlets? *What is driving the current ADHD explosion--is it parents, doctors, schools, culture, the healthcare system, or Big Pharma? And will it end? Stephen Hinshaw, a distinguished psychologist, and Richard Scheffler, an eminent health economist, uniquely blend clinical wisdom, current science, medical and school policy, and global trends to debunk myths and set the record straight in The ADHD Explosion. They describe the origins of ADHD and its huge costs to society; the science behind its causes as well as medication and behavioral treatment; and the variation in diagnosis and treatment across the U.S. Dealing directly with stimulants as "smart pills," they describe the epidemic of medicalization, arguing that accurate diagnosis and well-monitored care could ease the staggering economic burden linked to ADHD. In innovative ways, they unravel the many poignant issues facing children, teachers, clinicians, and family members who contend with ADHD each day. The recommendations they make can improve the quality of life for those touched by ADHD and potentially improve the productivity and safety of all society.
In this issue of Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, consulting editor Dr. Harsh Trivedi has selected topics that continually are at the forefront for child and adolescent psychiatrists.Among the top topics are: Children's Exposure to Violent Video Games and Desensitization to Violence; Neurobiology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Psychosocial Interventions in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; 5. Social Skills Training for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders; 6. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders; and Adolescent Eating Disorders: Definitions, Symptomatology, Epidemiology and Comorbidity. Authors renown in the psychiatric field and the pediatric field provide the physician clinical outcomes and therapeutic management of these disorders.
A Parent's Guide to Helping Your Adolescent With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Author: Mary Fowler
Category: Family & Relationships
From the author of the highly successful Maybe You Know My Kid comes a desperately needed follow-up–the first comprehensive guide for dealing with the unique challenges of raising an adolescent with ADHD. Adolescence is a tumultuous turning point for everyone, but for teens with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, it can be especially challenging, and for some of their parents, downright terrifying. Predictably, stress ensues over inconsistent or poor school performance and over inevitable decisions regarding higher education and life after high school. Adolescents with ADHD get more traffic tickets, have higher school-expulsion and drop-out rates, and are more likely to experiment with alcohol and drugs. Maybe You Know My Teen brims with management strategies for parents new to ADHD as well as those who have coped with it throughout their child’s life. Explaining the roots of the disorder clearly and extensively, while discussing situations most likely to cause symptoms to manifest themselves, ADHD authority Mary Fowler presents step-by-step advice, along with in-depth personal stories and first-person advice from leading experts in the field. This is the one-of-a-kind lifesaver thousands have been awaiting.